A crime is committed when another individual breaks the law. Some crimes can involve property, and some crimes can involve people directly. Regardless of the who's the what's the when' and the where's there is usually a victim of that crime. In the instance where a crime is committed against property, the victim would be the property owner, in crimes that are committed against a person the victim is the individual it was committed against. The victim in both situations is the individual who is directly affected by the crime weather it be their property that was damaged or their body that was hurt, they are in essence the victim.
There are several different definition for the word “victim”, according to the 1994 Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act a victim would be someone against whom an offense was committed. However the Federal Bureau of Prisons states that a victim is any individual who suffered or was threatened with physical, emotional, or financial harm as a result of another crime.
The term victim is essential to criminal justice because without a victim we don’t have a crime. Victims go way back in history to even before AD 400 in ancient times and was then referred to as the Golden Age of the Victim. This era is when victims took on a very active role in determining the fate of their offender. This allowed them to get revenge and feel justified for the acts committed against them.
Later on in history however crimes were not viewed as an offense against a person directly, they were seen as a crime against society. This too place for a long time from 400 AD all the way through the 1960's. In this view point called the Kings Peace the victim was less involved and the focus was more so upon state centered justice. Now we are in more modern times and have been so since the 1960's when victims again have a voice. Victims now have multiple rights and receive compensation for the crimes committed... [continues]
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