January 09, 2013
Crime Data Comparison
Crime Data Comparison will look at a specific crime in two selected metropolitan areas and identify the occurrences reported and address which area had more reported incidents, what the rate was for each area, whether the rates changes in each area over time and what factors might explain the differences in the rates. The FBI released its annual Crime in the United States report for American cities on October 29, 2012 for Oregon and Washington cities. Nationally, violent crime fell for the fifth year in a row, dropping 4.5 percent (per 100,000 people) in 2011. Property crime fell for the ninth year in a row, dropping by 1.3 percent. The FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program collects data on specific violent crimes (murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault) and specific property crimes (burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft.) In 2011, six of the seven categories saw decreases nationally; only the number of burglaries increased, and that increase was slight (0.2 percent per 100,000 people). (Steele, 2012, p. 1) Some highlights from cities with populations of more than 100,000 people in the Pacific Northwest include: The rate of violent crime for Oregon’s cities decreased by 1.5 percent (per 100,000 people), and property crime increased 2.5 percent (per 100,000 people). The rate of violent crime for Washington’s cities decreased by 6.0 percent (per 100,000 people), and its property crime rate decreased by 3.4 percent (per 100,000 people). (Steele, 2012, p. 1) In Portland, there were decreases in the numbers of murders/non-negligent manslaughters (from 22 to 20), robberies, and motor vehicle thefts. There were increases in the numbers of rapes, aggravated assaults, burglaries, and larceny-thefts. (Steele, 2012, p. 1) In Eugene, there were decreases in the number of rapes and motor vehicle thefts, but increases in the numbers of robberies,...