September 26, 2011
Criminal Justice System and Process:
Classic push – pull relationship, one exists because of the other. As Americans we all like to think we have a good understanding of our Criminal Justice System. But what do we really know about our Criminal Justice System? In my paper I will explain the components of the Criminal Justice System and the Criminal Justice Process. What does the word crime mean to me? I will include how crime has a relationship to the law and the government structure as it applies to the criminal justice system.
Components of the Criminal Justice System:
In the United States, the criminal justice system has three categories: Federal, State, and Military. In addition to the three categories the state has separate divisions that deal with adult and juvenile cases which are comprised of three major components. 1) Law Enforcement perhaps the most important and dangerous. The responsibilities of the Law Enforcement include finding/capturing individuals who break the laws. They are responsible for bringing new changes against perpetrators and for ensuring the cases are strong enough to stand up in court. 2) Courts include prosecution and defense lawyers, judges and juries. The responsibility of the courts is to ensure offenders are given a fair trial; all laws are followed while the cases are being tried. Guidelines for a fair sentencing are being followed. 3) Corrections are to uphold and administer sentences handed down. The Corrections system which is intertwined with Law Enforcement and the courts is a very important and large piece of the criminal justice system because it includes jails, prisons, correctional officers, probation officers, and parole officers which ensure that a defendant’s punishment and all of its...