civils rights and liberties

Topics: Supreme Court of the United States, Law, Rights Pages: 2 (487 words) Published: December 20, 2013

Explain why conceptions civil rights or liberties (choose only one) which are supposed to be granted to all under the constitution, changed so greatly in the second half of the twentieth century. Make sure to discuss the court’s role in this shift.

A civil right is a right or privilege that represents protections by government power or things government must secure on behalf of its citizens. Examples of civil rights are freedom of speech, press, and assembly; the right to vote; freedom from involuntary servitude; and the right to equality in public places. Discrimination occurs when the civil rights of an individual are denied or interfered with because of their membership in a particular group or class. Various jurisdictions have enacted statues to prevent discrimination based on a person’s race, sex, religion, age, previous condition of servitude, physical limitation, national origin, and sexual orientation. In American history, there are so many civil rights movements in the second half of the twentieth century and Congress enacted numerous civil rights statues. Many of these are still in force today and protect individuals from discrimination and from the deprivation of their civil rights.

If we want to talk about civil rights of America, we cannot skip a famous person, Martin Luther King. He is a great leader of human rights in American history. He makes himself reasonable to help people of Birmingham fighting against racial discrimination. For example, King says, “I am in Birmingham because injustice is here.” In 1963, he gathered a lot of people in Washington D.C and gave his famous “I have a dream” speech. He inspired his followers; passions and triggered their eagerness to listen to his solutions to unjust situations.

Declared in US Constitution, every American is guaranteed civil rights. I think it was not until 1791, that the Bill of Rights was appended to the constitution, which helped clarify these rights to citizens. The...
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