Civilization

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 32
  • Published : April 22, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
 

3. Define
 the
 term
 civilization.
 Discuss
 and
 evaluate
 the
 different
 approaches
 of
 your
 textbook
 and
 the
  lectures
 to
 this
 issue.
 Support
 your
 discussion
 with
 specific
 examples
 from
 the
 early
 histories
 of
  Mesopotamia,
 Egypt,
 and
 China.
 
  • Civilization:
 Civilization
 is
 the
 state
 of
 condition
 of
 persons
 living
 and
 functioning
 together,
 jointly,
  cooperatively
 so
 that
 they
 produce
 and
 experience
 the
 benefits
 of
 so
 living
 and
 functioning
 jointly
  and
 cooperatively.
 The
 word
 "civilization"
 derives
 from
 the
 Latin
 adjective
 “Civilis”.
 
 It
 implies
 a
  society
 involving
 cities,
 and
 cities
 involve
 people
 living
 and
 acting
 together,
 jointly,
 cooperatively,
  interactively.
  o A
 judgment
 that
 has
 been
 made
 from
 the
 beginning
 of
 time
 and
 still
 exists
 today
 is
 that
  residents
 of
 cities
 generally
 viewed
 themselves
 as
 more
 advanced
 and
 sophisticated
 than
 rural
  folk.
  • From
 the
 Book:
  o Civilizations
 have:
   Cities
   Laws
 that
 govern
 human
 relationships
   Code
 of
 manners
 and
 social
 conduct
 that
 regulated
 how
 people
 were
 to
 behave.
   Scientific,
 Philosophical,
 and
 Theological
 ideas
 that
 explained
 the
 larger
 world
  o Only
 societies
 that
 used
 writing
 were
 judged
 to
 be
 civilizations,
 because
 writing
 allowed
  norms,
 laws,
 ideas,
 and
 traditions
 to
 be
 more
 complex.
  o Societies
 where
 people
 were
 nomadic
 or
 lived
 in
 small
 villages
 without
 formal
 laws,
 and
 in
  which
 traditions
 and
 ideas
 were
 passed
 down
 orally
 were
 not
 regarded
 as
 civilizations
 and
  often
 seen
 as
 inferior
 by
 those
 who
 lived
 in
 civilizations.
  • From
 the
 Slides:
  o The
 term
 “civilization”
 is
 perceived
 as
 unacceptable
 by
 the
 authors
 of
 many
 textbooks,
 and
  they
 substitute
 terms
 such
 as
 “complex
 societies.”
  o Professor
 uses
 “civilization”
  o Elements
 of
 Civilization:
   A
 settled
 community
 life
 dependent
 on
 agriculture
   Cities
   System
 Of
 Writing
   Government:
 a
 state
 political
 system,
 as
 opposed
 to
 a
 simple
 tribal
 organization.
   An
 advanced
 system
 of
 production
 and
 technology.
  o Civilization
 is
 the
 result
 of
 successive
 quantum
 leaps
 in
 technology,
 social
 complexity
 and
  political
 developments,
 which
 are
 called
 revolutions.
  o First
 civilization
 was
 Sumer.
 

• Mesopotamia
 

o Sustained
 agriculture
 reliant
 on
 irrigation
 from
 Tigris
 and
 Euphrates
 Rivers
 resulted
 in:
   Larger
 populations
   Division
 of
 labor
   Growth
 of
 cities
  o By
 3000
 BCE
 Villages
 including
 Ur
 and
 Uruk
 had
 grown
 to
 populations
 of
 40k-­‐50k
 


 

o Politics/Society
   During
tracking img