7th Grade English
Civil War Spies
 Tensions built. Brother versus brother. A civil war was brewing. One of the deadliest wars in American history, the Civil War turned the North against the South.  Men enlisted in the military, leaving their wives and children behind. Women were forced to handle their normal household chores, and the men’s jobs.  Forced to grow up, children as young as ten had to take on the jobs of older kids and had little time for play.  As the war progressed, nervous women thought, “Is he ok?” “How can I help?” For some women, the answer was to disguise themselves as men and enlist in the military. Still others helped the war effort by becoming spies. Women like Harriet Tubman, Belle Boyd and Elizabeth Van Lew were unexpected soldiers in the war effort and impacted the outcome of the Civil War. Weapons won the war, but spies helped their cause.  Harriet Tubman was a former slave who led hundreds of slaves out of the south via the Underground Railroad.  She was a Union spy. She was the first woman in the U.S. to lead a military expedition. Colonel James Montgomery assigned her first expedition: A night raid to free slaves from rice plantations along the Combahee River.  In June of 1863, Harriet Tubman led hundreds of slaves out of the south while also planning an attack on a Confederate supply depot. She led the gunboat up the river toward the Confederate supply depot while avoiding mines placed all along the shore. When they reached the supply depot, Harriet and the other slaves destroyed the place and freed more than 700 slaves.  When the war was over, Harriet Tubman went to collect the $1,800 for her services during the war, but due to the fault of the government Harriet Tubman did not receive her money.  Belle Boyd was one of the best Confederate woman spies. She spied for the Confederacy by carrying important letters and papers across the enemy lines. She was a slave-‐holding...
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