May 7, 2013
AP US History
4th Period B-Day
In The spring of 1861, decades of simmering tensions between the northern and southern United States over the issue of states’ rights versus federal authority exploded into the American Civil War. The election of anti-slavery Republican, Abraham Lincoln, caused federal authority to take the side of anti-slavery. During Lincoln’s term he demonstrated power of the states while states resisted his authority on the issue of slavery through seceding beginning in 1860, the creation of the Confederate States of America in 1861, and battling beginning with Fort Sumter in 1861. The federal side seemed to be against the southern states, creating great tension between the two. This war was states power versus federal power.
When Abraham Lincoln was elected in 1860 as the President of the United States, seven southern states seceded from the Union to form the Confederate States of America. Four more joined them after the first shots of the Civil War were fired. The war was four years of brutal conflict that consisted of battles such as Fort Sumter, Bull Run, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Vicksburg. The tension between north and south began on the issue of slavery. The north refused to allow and aid it, while the south embraced it and attempted to spread it by getting the north involved. The tension then escalated with the election of Abraham Lincoln because he was seen as wanting to abolish slavery when it was a dominating factor in the southern states economy. However, his intention in the beginning was to prevent its expansion and division among the US. This still drove secession in the south’s point of view because ending slavery would devastate there economy. The south now felt that the government was against them so they became their own country, The Confederate States of America, in February the year 1861. This occurred at a convention in Montgomery, Alabama where a document was made, similar...