Civil Rights Movement Notes

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1. Movement in the Early 60s
a. Aftermath of Montgomery Bus Boycott Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) i. Made up of middle-class/middle-upper-class clergy ii. Protest against segregation and attract national attention iii. MLK becomes face of SCLC

b. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
iv. Student Sit-Ins
1. Involved young college students – believed SCLC were moving too slow 2. College students came together in their finest clothes Bought supplies from a store Sat at counter and asked to be served (to eat) Presence resulted in immediate arrest or mobs were formed 3. Nonviolence became the mode of operating for civil rights activists v. Freedom Rides (1961)

4. Sit-ins in the buses that cross the state line 5. As Freedom Riders travelled deeper and deeper into south, more resistance came 6. MLK believed mission was too dangerous – college students were shocked 7. One of the buses heading to Birmingham, AL Fire bombs Forced Freedom Riders off the bus 8. Federal gov’t doesn’t do anything to stop the violence 9. President JFK saw Freedom Riders as troublemakers but eventually, after a long while, law of buses were passed vi. Direct Action Tactics

vii. Mid-1960s: Tactics Begin To Change=Voter Registration 10. Many counties had very few African Americans on the voting polls a. Tricky methods to take African Americans off voting polls 2. Brought Voter Registration forms to African American

3. Challenged political parties
4. Cast a ballot Challenge white supremacy
c. Civil Rights Act of 1964
d. Selma, Alabama 1965
i. March from Selma to Montgomery for voting rights
ii. Started by SNCC
iii. Met with highway patrol dubbed march illegal and wanted them to go back home Released tear gas and...
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