How did the civil rights movement develop?
The Civil Rights Movement in the United States took place from the 1950’s-1970. It was a non-violent campaign led by the black and coloured people in order to attain equality and the right to vote. After the civil war of America 3 constitutions were passed 13, 14 and 15th amendment. These laws outlined that blacks were freed people and black men could vote. However many whites resisted the social changes, leading to radical movements such as the Ku Klux Klan, whose members attacked black and white Republicans to maintain white supremacy. The goals of the civil rights movement were pretty simple, they all wanted a massive federal works program, full and fair employment, decent housing, the right to vote, and integrated education. Although the blacks had the right to vote, it wasn’t easy for them to attend the polling stations. In America, states were free to interpret laws the way they wanted. Between 1980-1908 southern counties passed new constitutions in order to stop Black African voting. The made barriers and impossible exams in which the blacks must pass in order to vote. The few that did pass this exam then had to prove that their ancestors were America citizens. This was virtually unachievable as their ancestors came from Africa as slaves. As well as this, the Jim Crow law was passed in1876-1965. This law allowed segregation especially in the south, which meant that there was separate, schools, water fountains, eating areas, and stores for both black and whites. When this matter was taken to the Supreme Court they ruled that it was a fair law as both group had the same facilities. But, this wasn’t true, black schools had less funding and no facilities unlike the white schools which received much more. In 1951, the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People) along with Thurgood Marshall decided to fight for the rights of...
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