Civil Rights essay
“I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be selfevident: that all men are created equal."
The Congress of Racial Equality or CORE is an American civil rights organization that played a major role for AfricanAmericans in the Civil Rights Movement. Founded in Chicago in March of 1942 by James Farmer, CORE was one of the "Big Four" civil rights organizations, along with the SCLC, the SNCC, and the NAACP. CORE did many things that were important to the civil rights movement including Freedom Rides, desegregating Chicago schools, and the Freedom Summer.
n April 10, 1947, CORE sent a group of eight white and eight black men on a 2 week
“Freedom Ride” with a sole purpose of ending segregation in interstate travel. The riders of this
group were arrested and jailed several times, but they received a great deal of publicity, and this marked the beginning of a long series of similar campaigns. By the early 1960s, Farmer desired to repeat the 1947 journey, developing a new name for it: the Freedom Ride. On May 4, 1961, volunteers journeyed to the deep South, this time including women. The riders endured severe violence. White mobs attacked Freedom Riders in Birmingham and Montgomery. The violence caught national attention, sparking a summer of similar rides by other Civil Rights organizations and thousands of ordinary citizens.
In 1960, CORE began to challenge racial segregation in the public schools of Chicago. Black schools were in poorer neighbors of Chicago and white schools were in richer parts. Many segregated schools were overcrowded, and in order to ease overcrowding, the Board instituted
doubleshifts at some of the schools. Doubleshifts meant that students in affected schools attended less than a full day of class. Less school meant that AfricanAmerican children would ...
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