Through the Documentary Lens: Civil Rights
12 February 2014
Civil Rights: Education
Desegregation of schools across the United States was one of the fundamental objectives striven for by advocates and groups during the Civil Rights Movement. Organizations such as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) over the course of decades filed a procession of court cases that marked major accomplishments towards equality like the Brown Decision (Davis, Jack). Enforced by the U.S Supreme Court in 1954, Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas outlawed racial segregation in public schools (Davis, Jack). While the fight for desegregation of schools is no longer a challenge that exists as prominently in the United States today, statistics show that on average black students are two to three years behind their white peers academically (Golston, Allan). Many laws have been enforced and over time habituated into our society with regard to integration of whites and blacks into the same education system, presenting all students regardless of race or social class with equal opportunities. While historically much has been achieved on a legal basis through desegregation of schools, achievement gaps between blacks and white students are still a pressing issue today that are being addressed by enforcements such as the No Child Left Behind Act and organizations such as the Algebra Project all aimed towards improving success amongst minority students.
The No Child Left Behind Act, most recently reauthorized in 2002, central goal is to improve the educational equity for students from low-income families by government provided funding to school districts throughout the United States serving poor students (No Child Left Behind- Overview). In federal efforts to address educational inequality within the country, requirements of the Act included all states to both ‘document and report test score data by racial...
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