Civil Rights and the New Left

Topics: Lyndon B. Johnson, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, John F. Kennedy Pages: 11 (2067 words) Published: October 18, 2010

SS310-07Exploring the 1960s:
An Interdisciplinary Approach

November 30, 2009

| | | | |1960 |[pic] |On February 1, 1960 four black students at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College in Greensboro, NC sat in | | | |at a whites-only lunch counter in a Woolworth’s department store, asking to be served and refusing to give up their | | | |seats until they were. (Sit-in Campaign)(Gosse, 2005) | | |[pic] |April 17, 1960 Inspired by the Greensboro sit-in by four black college students at an all-white lunch counter, nearly | | | |150 black students from nine states formed the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Meeting in Raleigh, | | | |North Carolina, with Ella Baker, James Lawson and Martin Luther King, Jr., the founders set SNCC’s initial goals as | | | |overturning segregation in the South and giving young blacks a stronger voice in the civil rights movement. (Gosse, | | | |2005) | |1961 | |In May 1961, the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), an interracial pacifist group formed in 1942, organized Freedom | | | |Rides by teams of black and white activist who rode buses into the South to test the enforcement of desegregation | | | |statutes. (Gosse, 2005) | | |[pic] |On November 1st, a nationwide coalition called Women Strike for Peace organized a worldwide protest against the U.S. | | | |and Soviet arms race, and the dangers of nuclear fallout on children and the environment. Estimates range from 12,000 | | | |to 50,000 participants worldwide. Protests continued throughout the decade at the White House, Pentagon, and the United| | | |Nations headquarters in New York City. (Gosse, 2005) | | | |Established on December 14 by President John F. Kennedy, the Commission on the Status of Women consisted of 20 members | | | |(led by former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt) to examine how current employment policies affected women. Their report | | | |documented widespread discrimination in wages, opportunities for advancement, and federal tax laws. Recommendations | | | |made regarding hiring practices, affordable child care, and paid maternity leave played a large role in promoting | | | |future policies. | |1962 |[pic] |Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) held its founding convention in Michigan and issued The Port Huron Statement, | | | |laying out...
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