Civil Rights Act of 1964
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a landmark piece of legislation in the United States that prohibited forms of discrimination against African Americans. The Act ended unequal voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, the workplace, and public accommodations. The Civil Rights Act paved the way for equality and integration forever changing society’s discourses. The Act demonstrates society’s views of civil rights activity, the obstacles to political and social change, and the rights of African Americans.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is Public Law 88-352 (78 Stat. 241) and was signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson on July 2, 1964. The major features of the Civil Rights Act are equal voting rights, equal public accommodations, desegregation of public facilities, desegregation of public education, Civil Rights Commission, nondiscrimination in federally assisted programs, and equal employment opportunities. The Civil Rights Movement and the reactions it caused would lead to the birth of the strongest civil rights legislation since Reconstruction. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was spurred by many events. The Brown vs. Board of Education decision was the most important influence in encouraging federal action to protect civil rights. The Great Migration of African Americans to northern cities also prompted the civil rights movement. Also events like Martin Luther’s demonstration in Montgomery, the March on Washington, sit-ins in Greensboro and Nashville, the violence at the Little Rock school, and the Freedom Rides all contributed to undeniable signs that social conditions for African Americans required legislative attention. Social pressures also spurred this change forcing government to take action. Society’s discourses had changed dramatically between World War II and 1964. Young Americans were getting involved in society’s issues moving away from the traditional values of the past. Many white...
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