04.04 Civil Rights
Brown v. Board of Education
In the case of Brown V. Board of Education, Linda Brown’s father tried to enroll her into a nearby all white school, which was closer than the African-American only school, and they declined her. The school denying Brown’s daughters access to the closer school violated the 14th amendment. The case was filed as a class action lawsuit, applying to all in the same situation. Ina landmark decision, the Supreme Court agreed, ruling that “separate but equal” was not acceptable in public schools. The ruling expanded civil rights because it made it so that blacks were not equal.
Gideon V. Wainwright
A witness identified Clarence Gideon as having been on the property of a burglarized poolroom, leading police to arrest him for the crime. Gideon requested that the court appoint him a lawyer, and the court denied his request claiming that this case was not a capitol offense and was not punishable by death. The jury convicted him and sentenced him to 5 years in prison. While incarcerated, he wrote to the Supreme Court asking for an appeal because by the courts denied his legal counsel, they violated the 6th Amendment. The Supreme Court overturned the conviction and Gideon was acquitted of the charges. The ruling expanded civil rights because it makes it so that it isn’t fair if you are not allowed legal guidance and other convicts are.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 was a law passed at the time of the Civil Rights movement. It eliminated various devices, such as literacy tests, that had traditionally been used to restrict voting by black people. It authorized the enrollment of the voters by federal registrars in states where fewer than fifty percent of the eligible voters were registered or voted. All such states were in the South. This law expanded civil rights by letting blacks vote, because they are legal citizens, too.
The 19th Amendment
The 19th Amendment...