Civil Right Movement

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Civil Rights Movement

The struggle for equality has been a battle fought for hundreds of years amongst African Americans. After the Great Migration and the developments of organizations such as NAACP, many African Americans gradually understood their rights as American citizens and came together to change their lives. The fight was for black citizens to enjoy the civil and political rights guaranteed to them and all other citizens by the U.S. Constitution leading to the civil right movement.

The civil right movement was an era in which African Americans fought for their human rights and the ending of ongoing struggle they had to bear for over 400 years. This movement began in 1954 with a Supreme Court ruling in Brown vs. Board of Education that was approached by Charles Hamilton Houston, and ended in 1968 with the assassination of Dr. King. Charles Houston was one of the greatest leaders who utilized the law Plessey's vs. Ferguson to end segregation. He was able to compare black and white schools to set forth "separate but equal" ideology in the educational system. His work was carried on by other scholars after his death and lead to the success of the ruling of Brown vs. Board of education. Even though the ruling of Brown vs. Board was constitutional, white communities were opposing desegregation that was occurring in the south and other parts of America; moreover, the fight was still in effect. Walter White was also an influential leader who was able to give names of lynches in the south. His brave deeds allowed many lynch to be exposed, which allowed people to oppose and start movements all around. The other significant leader of the Civil Rights movement was Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. He delivered the most influential "I have Dream" speech and motivated President Lyndon B. Johnson to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The civil rights movement was lead by many driven individuals who had faith and who recognized the importance of black churches and...
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