In 1963, an eighteen year old girl was kidnapped and raped in Phoenix; AZ. Police officials felt that they had found their suspect in a man named Ernesto Miranda, who also happened to be a mentally challenged, poor, Hispanic male. He was taken into custody, where the victim identified him as her attacker. After, the police officials took him into an interrogation room where he was held for hours. He eventually signed a statement admitting his guilt. Miranda was then sentenced. He later appealed his case on the grounds of the violation of the 5th amendment. In the case of Miranda v. Arizona (1966), his 5th amendment right was violated because he was not warned that what he said would be held against him in court. In his appeal, his statement was inadmissible but that still wasn’t enough to convince the jury that he was innocent. Because of this violation of the 5th amendment, the Miranda rights were established. The Miranda rights allowed individuals, guilty or innocent, to understand their fifth amendment before signing or saying anything incriminating against themselves.
In 1973, the topic of abortion and the 9th amendment surfaced.... [continues]
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(2008, 04). Civil Liberties vs Civil Rights. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 04, 2008, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Civil-Liberties-Vs-Civil-Rights-140235.html
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