I. Jamestown – The House of Burgesses
A. The first permanent English settlement, Jamestown, was founded in 1607 near the Chesapeake Bay and James River. It was founded because the Virginia Company of London financed an expedition to the Chesapeake Bay. The colonists needed to find a place to settle, so they sailed up the James River and found a spot to settle.
B. The colonists made a decision to grow tobacco. This changed Jamestown Jamestown because the Virginia Company thought of the colonists as employees, as the colonists wanted a share of the profits.
C. The House of Burgesses was the first representative assembly in the American colonies. It was formed because the colonists became annoyed at the strict rules of the governor. The colonists wanted to have more local control.
D. Bacon’s Rebellion was caused by Governor Berkley’s refusal of Nathaniel Nathaniel Bacon’s command.
II. New England – The Mayflower Compact & Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
A. The purpose of the Mayflower compact was that it helped establish the idea of self-government and majority rule.
B. A commonwealth is a community in which people work together for the good of the whole.
C. The New England Way was a term used by the Puritans to describe both their beliefs and their society. It emphasized duty, godliness, hard work, honesty, and education.
D. The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut was written by Thomas Hooker and his congregation in 1636. It extended voting rights to non-church members and limited the power of the governor.
E. The three groups that had to create new settlements were the Pilgrims, the
Puritans, and the Quakers. They had to move because of how they had been
treated in their old settlements. For example, the Pilgrims and the Puritans had
gotten bad treatment...