CHAPTER 3 - THE UNION EXECUTIVE – SHORT ANSWERS
1. Who is the Head of State in the Union of India? President
2. Mention the qualifications necessary for election as President of India. Should be an Indian citizen, Age should be 35 or more, Sane of mind, Not hold an office of profit in the state or central government, Should not be insolvent or bankrupt, Not be a pronounced criminal, Name should appear in the electoral rolls, Not be a member of either House of the Parliament or the State Legislature.
3. Who administers oath of office to the President. Chief Justice of Supreme Court.
4. How can the President vacate his office? By resignation, death, end of 5 year term, impeachment or discontinuation of services willingly on the grounds of ill health, inability to perform his duties due to any other reason.
5. How is the President of India elected? Through indirect elections by an Electoral College consisting of both Houses of the Parliament and the State Legislature of all the States on the principle of proportional representation through a single transferable vote.
6. What happens when none of the Presidential candidates secures the fixed quota of votes as a result of counting the first preference votes? In such a case the candidate who has got the least first preference votes his candidature is cancelled and his second preference votes are distributed on pro rata basis amongst the remaining candidates. This is continued till a candidate is arrived at who has the majority and is declared the winner.
7. What is the term of office of the President of India? Five years.
8. What do we call the official process by which a President may be removed from office? Impeachment.
9. On what grounds can the President of India be removed from office? Doing something unconstitutional or violating the Constitution.
10. Describe briefly the procedure for Impeachment of the President of India.
(i)1/4th members of either of the Houses pass a resolution for the same with a 14 day’s notice to the President.
(ii) The resolution is passed with a 2/3rd majority in the House.
(iii) This is investigated upon by the second House.
(iv) After this if 2/3rd members of the second House uphold the charges then the resolution to impeach the President is passed.
11. Mention the occasion when President addresses both the Houses of Parliament assembled together.At the beginning of the Parliamentary session when Lok Sabha meets for the first time and then at the end of the session. If he deems it fit he may address a joint session of the House at any other time also like in case of a deadlock.
12. What is meant by the term ‘Oridnance’? Ordinance is a temporary law passed by the President when both Houses of the Parliament are not in session. It remains in force till six weeks after the Parliament has its first session.Then it ceases to be in force automatically and can be passed with or without amendments by the Parliament.
13. When can ordinance be issued by the Presidnet? When the Parliament is not in session or in cases of an emergency when either House is not in session.
14. Why are ordinances considered temporary measures? As they cease to be effective till six weeks from the date when the Parliament meets for its first session.
15. Mention three legislative powers of the President.
(i) Summon and prorogue the sessions of both Houses of the Parliament. (ii) Dissolve the Lok Sabha.
(iii) Give his assent to a Bill. (iv) Issue an Ordinance in an emergency when the Parliament is not in session.
16. Mention any three executive powers of the President. (i) Is the executive Head of the State (ii) Appoint Prime Minister, Chief Justice of Supreme Court, Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Chief Election Commissioner and Chairman of different committees (iii) Govern the Union Territories and Border...
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