CIVICS BENCHMARK ESSSAY
The United states have 3 branches. The federal government is composed of three distinct branches: Legislative, executive and judicial. The United States government is based on the principle of federalism, in which power is shared between the federal government and state government. In 1787 leaders of the states gathered to write the constitution-a set of principles that told how the new nation would be governed. The three branches are described in the first three articles, or sections, of the Constitution. The Legislative branch is made up of the two houses of congress-the senate and the House of Representatives. The most important duty of the legislative branch is make laws. Laws are written, discussed and voted on in congress. There are 100 senators in the senate, two from each state. Senators are elected by their states and serve six-year terms. The Vice President of the U.S. is considered the head of state, but does not vote in the senate unless there is a tie. The senate must ratify all treaties by two-thirds vote. There are 435 representatives in the House of Representatives. The number of representatives each state gets is based on its population. Representatives are elected by their states and serve two-year term. The speaker of the house, elected by the representatives, is considered the head of the house. Congress has the power to remove the president, federal judges, and other federal officers from office. It can also declare war and to make rules for the government. It has the power to lay and collect taxes. The legislative checks on executive and judicial.
The president is the head of the executive branch, which makes laws official. The president serves a 4 year term. The president approves and carries out laws passed by the legislative branch. He appoints or removes cabinet member and officials. The executive branch also includes the Vice president and other officials, such as members of the cabinet. The cabinet is made...
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