Landscape as a culturally constructed reality is a mediation of technology and artistic production, which of course includes painting, photography, mapping, survey as well as filmmaking, which is the subject of matter in this essay. Cinematic landscape bears the ability to provide views with moving images of known and unknown environments of interesting locations. It is quite difficult to define precisely when the first film was ever made, mostly for the reason that it depends on what it is considered to be a movie. “The horse in motion” was produced in 1878 and was the first motion picture that was created. The cinematic landscape set new grounds in the experience of landscape since so far, it was only happening with still images with restricted viewpoints of spatial composition. It should be mentioned that this provided an opportunity to some people that did not have the chance to travel, to experience through films faraway lands. The landscape in cinema became a strong feature of the plot and the narrative of the film. The viewer since then has a wider perspective and understanding of the environment that embraces the plot that is presented to him. Cinematic landscapes are not officially defined by genre, though the institution of cinema categorizes them according to the narrative of the film itself. Therefore, there are specific features that the landscapes or cityscapes in films present, which place them in film genres such as westerns, road movies, gangster or science fiction films. Sergei Eisenstein declares that the landscape should serve a functional purpose towards the plot of the film, rather than just being a mere background space or a supplementary ornamental setting, where the action and events take place. The function that the landscape delivers can also be a matter of symbolism. The interpreted “scape” of specific type is consider to be, in film, a manipulated spatial object whose meanings and representations...
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