Cigarette Smoking and Alcohol Drinking and Their Social Relationship

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CHAPTER I
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Introduction
Cigarette smoking has been prone to Filipinos due to the influences of the foreign culture. Alcoholic drinks are believed to ease the problems of the Filipino men and even women. As time goes by, younger and younger ages of Filipinos are engaging themselves to it. Filipinos are known for close family ties and our peer groups or “barkada”. “Among the high school students, majority of them are engaged to alcohol drinks at young age. Early in history, those who drink at a young age to excess were said to be irresponsible, immoral, and without character” Bobijes(2009). Alcohol dependency has the ability to affect the social relationship of an individual. In fact teenagers that have serious drinking problems have much higher tendency of smoking cigarettes. This practice can directly lead to another lifelong habit of substance abuse and addiction. This can severely damage the quality of life and permanently prevent the person from leading a healthy and happy life. Alcoholism is often blamed to be the precursor of depression and various mental illnesses, teens should stay away from this fatal habit at any cost.

Other people use alcohol as a tool to help them relax and deal with stressful social situations. Maybe they use alcohol in order to feel better in tense family settings or to help them overcome social phobias when they need to attend social functions related to work or dating. As with depression, the number of people who are alcoholic and who live with social phobias is remarkably high. Sadly, people who abuse alcohol, often behave in ways that cause others to withdraw from them society. Pretty soon, only others who abuse alcohol are within the social circle. Underage alcohol consumption has received a significant amount of attention as a major public health concern. High risk drinking in adolescence is associated with a variety of adverse consequences, including motor vehicle injury and death, suicide, sexual assault, high-risk sexual activity, and neurodevelopment impairment. Drinking in early adolescence is also known to increase the risk for alcohol dependence.

Background of the Study
“The activities, chemicals and processes that can prove physically or psychologically addictive are vast. Products containing nicotine, alcohol and caffeine; illicit drugs such as cocaine and heroin; gambling; sex; and even video games are known to cause dependence. The life cycle of addiction begins with a problem, discomfort or some form of emotional or physical pain a person is experiencing. They find this very difficult to deal with.” It shows how they seem to be engaging to such addictives. They find themselves relaxed when using some addictives and this causes them to stick with it whenever they will feel the same way again (Mentor Foundation 2009). We start off with an individual who, like most people in our society, is basically good. This person encounters a problem or discomfort that they do not know how to resolve or cannot confront. This could include problems such as difficulty “fitting in” as a child or teenager, anxiety due to peer pressure or work expectations, identity problems or divorce as an adult. It can also include physical discomfort, such as injury or chronic pain. The person experiencing the discomfort has a real problem. He feels his present situation is unendurable, yet sees no good solution to the problem (Mentor Foundation 2009). Everyone has experienced this in his life to a greater or lesser degree. The difference between an addict and the non-addict is that the addict chooses alcohol as a solution to the unwanted problem or discomfort. This person tries alcohol. The alcohol appears to solve the problem. He feels better. Because he now seems better able to deal with life, the alcohol becomes valuable to him (Mentor Foundation 2009). The person looks on alcohol as a cure for unwanted feelings. The painkilling effects of alcohol become a...
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