Question 5. What does Jesus Christ reveal to us about the nature of God? According to the Princeton University WordNet monotheism means “the belief in a single God.” The word derives from the two Greek words ‘monos’ meaning one and ‘theos’ meaning God, which explains in itself the true notion of monotheism; the worship of one deity. Christian monotheism can be seen as unique, in agreement with Robert Broderick it holds “God as absolutely one in nature and essence, and relatively three in persons; The Father, Son and Holy Spirit who are really distinct from each other” (2005). Christianity is a monotheistic religion, Christians believe that God is One God, and there is no other. They believe God is made up of three persons, Father (God), Son (Jesus) who represents God’s human form and the Holy Spirit which is the love between the two.
In the Encyclopaedia of World Religions we read that the divine attributes of God are affirmed in the writings of the First Vatican Council "The holy, Catholic, apostolic Roman Church believes and professes that there is one true, living God, the Creator and Lord of heaven and earth. He is almighty, eternal, incomprehensible, and infinite in intellect, will and every perfection. Since He is one unique spiritual substance, entirely simple and unchangeable, He must be declared really and essentially distinct from the world, perfectly happy in Himself and by His very nature, and inexpressibly exalted over all things that exist or can be conceived other than Himself" (2006).
Many people see the God of the Old Testament as evil and a contradiction to His own beliefs. He was feared because He ordered Joshua to destroy the city of Jericho and all who lived there. “The city and all that is in it are to be devoted to the LORD. Only Rahab the prostitute and all who are with her in her house shall be spared, because she hid the spies we sent” (Joshua 6:17). The Bible confirms that God requested the killing of many people; this is seen as a contradiction because if this was true he would not be obeying his own sixth commandment “Thou Shalt not kill”. However, these people who were murdered were not innocent; they had been committing sin knowing full well that God was their witness. They received their consequences because they rejected God and His forgiveness.
In the Old Testament God took upon his people’s suffering. There are numerous Bible passages that support this and reveal the pain of God for the sins of his people “I have indeed seen the misery of my people in Egypt. I have heard them crying out because of their slave drivers, and I am concerned about their suffering,” (Exodus 3:7). Dr Claude Mariottini states “The God of the Bible is a God who carries the burden of his people, who know the failure of his purpose for them, who sorrows over them with a love that prevails over wrath, and who suffers because of their affliction” (2008). Monotheism is supported in the following scripture passage Deuteronomy 6:4, “Israel, remember this! The Lord —and the Lord alone—is our God.” However, in the Old testament there is talk about many gods existing, however the people of Israel acknowledge YHWH as their one true God “At this A'bram said to the king of Sod'om: "I do lift up my hand [in an oath] to YHWH the Most High God, Producer of heaven and earth.” (Genesis 14:22). The fact that people admit there are other gods that exist, eliminates monotheism and introduces henotheism – which according to the Catholic reference means “the worship of one god in preference to others, while not denying a plurality of gods” (2011). God sent His word through his Son, Jesus Christ, and a perfect image of the Father. God became human to help humanity repent for original sin, no human is capable of the infinite atonement that is needed to eliminate original sin therefore His only begotten son was put on earth. The Vatican: Holy See says “the truth concerning Jesus Christ, Son of God, constitutes the...
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