A Christmas Carol is a story of how Ebenezer Scrooge changes from a miserable man who had no one to care for and no one to care for him. Then After his encounter with the three spirits on Christmas eve he turned into a loving, caring, generous man. This story was written by the admired writer Charles Dickens, after this story was published in 1843 a Christmas Carol became one of the most well known pieces of literature. This story focuses on one theme, poverty and its effects on the people in Victorian society.
Dickens use of variety of language which enables the readers to build up a unique image of Scrooge at the beginning of the story. Dickens almost uses a list to label all the details about Scrooge, “A Squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching old sinner!” the use of adjectives in this sentence are all negative, hurtful and rude phrases, This emphasises the harshness, rudeness and negativity of Scrooge’s nature. The cycle path of theses words also give the impression that given the opportunity someone could go on forever with theses unconstructive comments. Dickens then moves on to using metaphors and similes to compare Scrooge to objects that could be easily linked such as “Scrooge is hard and sharp as flint from which no steel had ever struck out a generous fire” “Secret and self contained, and solitary as an oyster.” “The cold within him froze his old features, nipped his pointed nose, shrivelled his cheek, made his eyes red and his lips turn blue and spoke out in his shrewdly voice.” All the faults in his character appear to exist from the “cold within him”. This sad coldness has wasted and restricted Scrooge therefore turning him into a bitter old man.
Scrooge’s attitude to Christmas can be summarised in one word: Detested. Christmas to Scrooge is an irritation, an excuse of people to slack on their duties, and to even celebrate and be merry when they have no excuse to be. Scrooge responds to his Nephews exclamation of “Merry Christmas, uncle! God save you!” With “Bah Humbug!” Scrooge's motto, "Bah, Humbug!" is used to express the disgust he has with all Christmas traditions. This is also a phrase Dickens created to show his frustration and bad temper. Scrooge responds to all requests of merriment in this way to avoid his true feelings and emotions. Scrooge seems afraid to feel emotion and to stop anything hurting him he has built a brick wall protecting him from all the bad, painful life experiences. I think he feels aggrieved of everyone who has a good spirit and doesn’t let the worries of life bring them down. He then states “ If I could work my will every idiot who goes around with merry Christmas on there lips should be boiled with his own pudding and buried with a stake of holly through his heart.” Scrooge refuses to let down his guard because he might be reminded of a time were he could of shared happiness with his own family instead of getting greedy with money.
Bob Cratchit is Scrooges clerk, he is treated with disrespect and unkindness. Bob Cratchit represents all the very poor and modest men that would do anything for there family, he is the abused, under-paid clerk that puts up with Scrooge for his families sake. The introduction that you first see is Cratchit and his pitiful fire which is hardly going and you see Bob in poor working conditions. Where Bob is threatened to lose his situation “If I hear another word out of you Cratchit you can keep your Christmas by losing your situation!” Scrooge means if Bob speaks one more time he will lose his job and can have his Christmas for as long as he wants because he wont be coming back!. Bob was not even allowed to top up the fire with coal as Scrooge kept the coal in his own office under lock and key. You can see how badly Scrooge treats bob this is why people say he is “cold hearted”.
Scrooges attitude to the poor and charitable, can be summarised with his facial expressions and the word that he always...