Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
"Christianity started out in Palestine as a fellowship; it moved to Greece and became a philosophy; it moved to Italy and became an institution; it moved to Europe and became a culture; it came to America and became an enterprise" as stated by theological scholar Sam Pascoe. Throughout Christianity’s journey they have come across ties with the religions Judaism and Islam. There are few similarities between the three major religions. One similarity is that Abraham is viewed the same between all three religions. The only other similarity is that all 3 religions believe in a God, just in different ways. There are much more similar theological aspects of the religions when Christianity is compared to Islam itself and Judaism alone.
Judaism is, of course, much older that Christianity but there are still many similarities. Whilst Jews do not consider Christ to be the Savior, they do believe him to be a prophet (Helium, Inc., 2002-2011). Another historical connection and similarity can be described by the fact that, according to Christian teachings, Jesus and many of his followers were originally Jewish and, therefore, the basic teachings of Christianity will be more or less equal to those of Judaism. Both religions are monotheistic, which means they believe in only one God and both of these Gods are described very similarly. Both believe in the stories of characters such as Abraham discouraging people from worshipping the idols sold by his father and Moses freeing the Israelites from Egyptian rule (Helium, Inc., 2002-2011). Christianity and Judaism both believe in the afterlife and a “Messiah”. Christians believe the Messiah is Jesus Christ and the Jews do not believe in Jesus Christ. Jews believe that there will be a new coming of the Messiah. This Messiah will be a descendant from the house of David, while Christians believe that the original Messiah (Jesus Christ) will one day return. There is also a historical connection/similarity between the persecution of Jews and Christians. Both religions have been persecuted as long as history is recorded, just by different associations. These persecutions happened at different times and in different ways by the hands of the Roman Empire, and then the suffering and persecution continued for the Jews by the reign of the Nazi’s. While the theological similarities are prominent, there is no better comparison than their survival. Both religions have survived for thousands and thousands of years and will continue to do so. So while Judaism and Christianity have quite vast similarities and historical connection, Islam is not as comparable.
There are historical connections between Islam and Christianity in the fact that they share a common origin in the Middle East. It has been said that Muslims consider Christians to be fellow adherents to the sacred covenant between Abraham and God. There is a common belief in Injil, which historically is the original gospel of Jesus. The Injil is an important part of Islamic Theology. This bond between them extends even further when Muhammad instructed Muslims to defend Christian faith in documents such as Achtiname of Muhammad (Religious Tolerance.Org, 2001-2011). When one is comparing theological beliefs there are easy to distinguish similarities. Both believe that the birth of Jesus Christ or Yeshua of Nazareth was due to virgin conception. Both Islam and Christianity both believe that Jesus/Yeshua ascended into heaven. Also, they both believe that there will be a second coming of Christ/Yeshua only they believe it will happen at different times. Both Islam and Christianity believe in a very similar but different afterlife. Islam believes in either Paradise or Hell, and Christians believe in either Heaven or Hell. Again both have the similar belief that there are standards of behavior that will send you to either place in the afterlife.
While Christianity can be linked historically...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document