THL111 – Introduction to Christian Theology
Often it is heard that the Bible is a made up of stories and others say that the Bible lacks scientific knowledge. The Bible has a purpose, and that purpose is to teach salvation, and not science. The Bible is aimed as a spiritual inspiration. We are asked the following question. How is the Bible authoritative for Christian theology? If the Bible is authoritative, we may also assume it is inerrant and the word of God. Inspiration, inerrancy, infallibility and word of God will be argued by different authors, each giving there views and determining whether or not the Bible is authoritative.
The church from the beginning has recognised the Bible as an inspirational document for the Christian communities. The word of God can be considered to be alive and full of life, where words change in meaning over the years; the scripture can be adapted to today’s world as it was adapted a hundred years ago.
Migliore argues the following inadequate approaches related to the authoritative of the Bible. (Migliore, 2004, p. 47) The scripture can inadequately have a supernatural origin, used a s a historical source, viewed as religious classic or a book for private devotion. The Bibles direct relation with God, making it the word of God gives it a supernatural character. God directly inspired all the books, chapters and verses by the means where the Holy Spirit guided the human writers. These Biblicist views involves that the scripture is inspiredness and infallible. The infallibility of the Bible means it is without error due to the simple fact that its author was God. If the Bible is treated strictly as an authority, all that is said in the Bible should be obeyed. Goldingay argues that there are discrepancies the scripture. (Goldingay, 1994, p. 262) These discrepancies demonstrate that the Bible cannot be used as authoritative document with in a community. Migliore states that in this way Biblicism turns the life giving authority of the Scripture into a deadening authoritarianism. (Migliore, 2004, p. 49).
I agree with Migliore when he states that the Bible is not only literature for a Christian community, it is much more. “The believing community approaches the Bible not only as literature, but also as Scripture, as normative witness to the acts of the living God for our salvation.” (Migliore, 2004, p. 49)
The term that the Scripture is infallibility implies that all the books of the Bible are true in every sense historically, scientifically and spiritually, there is no error, mistake or untruth in the entire Bible. (Moore, 2011)
We will know argue that the term inerrant and infallibility when used with the Bible, refers to the infallibility that gasps the spiritual inspiration within the Christian faith and salvation. The scriptures have many errors and discrepancies when focused and used as a scientific and historical resource. When these errors and discrepancies are focused on the spiritual Christian faith, the value of the scriptures is priceless. Christians believes that the Holy Spirit guided the writing of the Gospels and are regarded inerrant and infallibility related to their Christian faith and salvation.
Migliore accepts that the inspiration and writing of the Scriptures was guided by the Holy Spirit to maintain a relationship with God and guide Christians to the salvation, inturn accepting that the Holy Spirit is infallible. “By the power of the Holy Spirit, Scripture serves the purpose of relating us to God and transforming our life.” (Migliore, 2004, p. 44) Goldingay focuses more on the inerrancy of the Scripture, confirming various discrepancies within the Gospels, concluding and accepting the spiritual truth and not a historical truth. The scripture is theologically true but not historically true., furthermore astronomical information is not true. (Goldingay, 1994, p. 263) The discrepancies between Gospels could be considered deliberate...
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