Christian: Crisis & Trauma

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Ashley Meadows
Essay Question: Response
Liberty University – CRIS 605

Crisis counseling is an aspect of crisis resolution in which emphasis is placed on the emotional, cognitive, and behavioral consequences within a particular crisis. Psychotherapy is a tool that uses a helping process in order to change a person’s feelings as well as patterns of thought and behaviors. This can take place over short, brief periods or long term if determined is necessary. Both utilize concepts in order to help those in need; however, each takes a different approach as seen above (Hoff, 2009). According to Segun, psychotherapy can only be carried out by a trained professional and allows patients to gain control over their feelings, especially when viewing their mental state (Segun, 2013, p. 122). Crisis counseling strategies can range from establishing a helpful friendship, ensuring the safety of an individual, giving support, and ensuring that an assessment is successfully completed. Once an assessment is completed it is the responsibility of the professional to assist with actions plans and continually follow up with their patient. Unlike psychotherapy, crisis counseling takes more of an in depth, well-rounded approach to helping an individual cope with a crisis and finding what works the best with them. A professional does not give up until an approach is reached with that individual (Hoff, 2009; Rosen, 2010; Segun, 2013).

An example of this was reviewed during a case study of a police department’s crisis response team. A female called 911 screaming that her mother had just shot herself in her living room. When the police arrived, there was no answer at the door. Dispatch contacts the home and the female admits she cannot leave her room due to fear. The crisis team is brought in to assist the female. Once arriving on the scene, the crisis response team spends an hour counseling the young female. They assist the female with ensuring her safety, guiding her on the process of what the police are doing, and helping create a plan to help her get through this crisis. The female decides, with the help of the crisis team, that she will stay with some friends. The crisis team assists with getting her suitcase, clothing, and any other things that are outside of the room. Once the female is on her way to her friend’s house, the crisis team ensures they set follow-up dates with the female to ensure she gets the help she needs. The research viewed that under the circumstances that the female encountered, crisis counseling strategies needed to be implemented instead of psychotherapy due to this not being just a mental adjustment for the female. The female watched her own mother take her life in her home which devastated her entire life and daily routine. This particular female needed a support team, psychological help, and an everyday plan to move forward with her life (Young, 2008).

When considering the range of “dangers” that a full-blown crisis could impact a person, it is important to seek out the similarities and differences between both crisis intervention and psychotherapy to determine the level of assistance a victim needs. When looking at the above example, it was important for a crisis team to understand what would work for the female. While both psychotherapy and crisis counseling work to help people throughout their traumas, there are more differences between the two than similarities. It is important to see that psychotherapy is utilized by certified professionals only; however, crisis counseling can be utilized by regular people or by certified professionals. With the correct training and information, a random person can become involved in the calling of being a crisis counselor (Hoff, 2009; Young, 2008). The study from the police department found that there has been more research on crisis counseling than psychotherapy among trauma victims; however, due to the thorough steps that are...
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