Childcare Choices: What's Best For Baby?
John and Sue, having to return back to work, are having trouble making a decision on which of the two childcare facilities they want to enroll their 8 month-old little girl, Tyree, in. Tyree's development needs much support, not only in forming a secure attachment, but also in developing her personality later in life. Early care influences the child's path of psychological, social, and physical growth. Early childhood occurrences, mainly in the first three years of life, are very crucial. Environmental factors affect the brain's development, which can promote or discourage the ability to learn from adolescence through adulthood. A safe and healthy early childhood setting can also prevent cognitive and behavioral disorders later in life, in which some cannot be reversed.
As in Eric Erikson's theory of Psychosocial Development, the first stage (Trust vs. Mistrust) usually occurs between birth and one year of age and is the 1st stage in life. In this stage, the child is completely dependent on the mother or caregiver and the development of trust depends on the quality and the dependability of the child's caregiver. If the development of trust is a success, the child will feel safe and secure in its surroundings. Parents or caregivers who are inconsistent, emotionally unavailable, or have a "rejecting" personality, promote the child having feelings of mistrust in others. If the child does not develop trust at this time, the child will think that the world is not a very safe place and feel afraid of its environment. In childcare A, the teachers are always talking to the infants even during diaper changes and feeding times. The babies are held often and there are a lot of teachers available to cuddle the children. The quality of child care would be better than that of childcare B. Better human care will result in the child growing up with feelings of security and trust which will meet his or her cognitive...
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