Choice Theory

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CHOICE THEORY

I. Introduction
Many teachers see major difficulties in maintaining academic standards in today's larger and more diversified classes. The problem becomes more tractable if learning outcomes are seen as more a function of students’ activities than of their fixed characteristics. The teacher's job is then to organize the teaching/learning context so that all students are more likely to use the higher order learning processes which “academic” students use spontaneously. This may be achieved when all components are aligned, so that objectives express the kinds of understanding that we want from students, the teaching context encourages students to undertake the learning activities likely to achieve those understandings, and the assessment tasks tell students what activities are required of them, and tell us how well the objectives have been met.

One of the biggest problems faced by teachers is how create an environment and curriculum that can create a safe place for learning by meeting the needs for belonging, power, fun and freedom. With equal importance is the need to help the students achieve success by teaching them to make appropriate behavioral choices. Thus and so, teachers should stress student responsibility, establish rules that lead to success, accept no excuses, call for value judgments, suggest suitable alternatives, invoke responsible consequences, be persistent, and carry out continual review.

To some extent, choice theory will able teachers to tackle classroom challenges, build better student-teacher relationships and develop a better learning community. It could also help teachers deal with parents who are unable to discipline their children at home, and more importantly expect the teachers to assume additional responsibility of parenting their children. It is not easy for human beings to change their actions, but it could be done.

II. Body
Choice Theory is the theory that we all choose how to behave at any time, and cannot control anyone’s behavior but our own. The importance of classroom meetings that are held for communication and solving problems.

In the classroom it will be important for teachers to “help students envision a quality existence in school and plan the choices that lead to it." For example, Johnny Waits is an 18-year-old high school senior and plans on attending college to become a computer programmer. Johnny should be learning as much as he can about computers instead of reading Plato. This concept is called quality curriculum; which consists of topics students find useful and enjoyable. The teacher would hold discussions with students when introducing new topics and ask them to identify what they would like to explore in depth. As part of the process, students need to explain why the material is valuable in life.

An example of Choice Theory and education are Sudbury Model schools where people decide for themselves how to spend their days. In these schools, students of all ages determine what they will do, as well as when, how, and where they will do it. This freedom is at the heart of the school; it belongs to the students as their right, not to be violated. The fundamental premises of the school are simple: that all people are curious by nature; that the most efficient, long-lasting, and profound learning takes place when started and pursued by the learner; that all people are creative if they are allowed to develop their unique talents; that age-mixing among students promotes growth in all members of the group; and that freedom is essential to the development of personal responsibility.

In practice this means that students initiate all their own activities and create their own environments. The physical plant, the staff, and the equipment are there for the students to use as the need arises. The school provides a setting in which students are independent, are trusted, and are treated as responsible people; and a community in which students...
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