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Chipko Movment

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The Chipko movement or Chipko Andolan (literally "to stick" in Hindi Hindi
Standard Hindi , also known as Manak Hindi, High Hindi, Nagari Hindi or Literary Hindi, is a standardised register of Hindustani as spoken by Hindus. It is the official language of India, and is used, along with English, for administration of the central government.Standard Hindi is a sanskritised...

) is a socio-ecological
Social ecology
Social ecology is a philosophy developed by Murray Bookchin in the 1960s.It holds that present ecological problems are rooted in deep-seated social problems, particularly in dominatory hierarchical political and social systems. These have resulted in an uncritical acceptance of an overly...

 movement that practised the Gandhian methods of satyagraha Satyagraha
Satyagraha , loosely translated as "Soul Force," "truth force," or "holding on to truth," is a philosophy and practice of nonviolent resistance developed and conceived by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi . Gandhi deployed satyagraha in the Indian independence movement and also during his earlier...

 and non-violent resistance, through the act of hugging trees to protect them from being felled. The modern Chipko movement started in the early 1970s in the Garhwal Garhwal Division
Garhwal or Gurwal is a region and administrative division of Uttarakhand state, India, lying in the Himalayas. It is bounded on the north by Tibet, on the east by Kumaon region, on the south by Uttar Pradesh state, and on the west by Himachal Pradesh state. It includes the districts of Chamoli,...

 Himalayas
Himalayas
The Himalaya Range , the Himalayas or Himalaya for short, is a mountain range in Asia, separating the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau...

 of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand is a state located in the northern part of India. Known for its natural beauty, it was carved out of Himalayan and adjoining districts of Uttar Pradesh on 9 November 2000, becoming the 27th state of...

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