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IPCS Special Report 26
June 2006
PAKISTAN-CHINA RELATIONS
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS (JAN-MAY 2006)
Urvashi Aneja
Research Officer, IPCS
INTRODUCTION
2006 marks the 55th anniversary of
diplomatic relations between China
and Pakistan. The bi-lateral
relationship between the two countries
has endured as a relatively
uninterrupted, trust-bound and ‘all
weather relationship’. This tactical
friendship has survived numerous
geo-strategic changes including
improving Sino-Indian relations from
1989 onwards, the collapse of the
Soviet Union, developments post 9/11
especially with Pakistan as a frontline
state in the war against terror as well
as the recent Indo-US strategic
convergence. Furthermore, with
developments over Iran and North
Korea, the Indo-US nuclear deal and
Pakistan’s failure to reach a similar
agreement with Washington, it
becomes important to examine Sino-
Pak relations, especially while new
agreements are signed, and high level
visits exchanged. The following
report, while providing a historical
context, will outline relations between
China and Pakistan in the first half of
2006 and attempt to provide an insight
into the significance of developments
between the two nations.
I
A SHORT HISTORY
Pakistan recognized the People’s
Republic of China in 1950, being the
third non-communist state and the
first Muslim state to do so, following
which the two nations established
formal diplomatic relations. Bilateral
relations were further emphasised at
the Bandung Conference in 1955,
where talks between the two heads of
state played an important role in
promoting understanding, and
developing friendly relations and cooperation
between the two countries.
In 1961, Pakistan furthered relations
when it voted for a bill concerning the
restoration of China’s legitimate rights
in the UN.
Deterioration in Sino-Indian relations,
which culminated in the 1962 war,
provided further opportunities for
Sino-Pak cooperation and in...