Chinese a-Level

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Example 1 分析端午節的真正由來 端午節是中國一大傳統節日,每逢五月初五,賽龍舟,吃粽子,喝雄黃酒,但多少人知道端午節 的真正由來? 端午節的由來眾說紛紜,以屈原的故事最為人知,屈原是戰國時楚國的副宰相,忠君愛國,但楚 王信奸佞,楚國亡在旦夕,傳說屈原悲憤投汨羅江自盡,民眾聞訊趕到,划船及投入粽子,意圖 嚇退餵飽魚隻,免屈原的屍體被吃掉。 屈原的故事令人感動,但無法解釋各種端午節習俗的出現,沒有提及寫道符做艾人,也沒有文獻 提及屈原自盡及民眾的反應,令人質疑故事的可信性,至於其他如:迎祭伍子胥,紀念曹娥,討 好圖騰神龍,掩飾越王練水軍等,都無一合理。 如果從端午節的習俗來分析,競渡龍舟在戰國出現,不是為了娛樂,而是駒妖,誰划的越快越有 效果;雄黃是可克制蛇虫的藥物,自古中國人喝雄黃酒來保健解毒,另外還有一些古時注重的習 俗如用艾葉蒜頭做艾人僻邪,用雄黃及黃砂做香嚢避瘴,可見端午節是有僻邪避瘴之意。至於粽 子,大概只是一種方便攜帶的食物,並無深意。 其實端午兩字,是夏天快到的意思,端午節與夏至的日期接近,夏至是天氣轉潮濕酷熱,看來古 人以端午節提醒人們為夏天到來作好準備,預防蛇虫疾病。現在科學昌明,不再做艾人寫道符, 保留划龍舟是因為具娛樂性,吃粽子喝雄黃酒是因為美味,至於故事,是為了增加節日色彩,或 傳遞宣揚不同的訊息,如伍子胥的忠,曹娥的孝,屈原的愛國…. 500 characters 參考及引用書目: 民俗活動-端午節 http://flyingworld.pixnet.net/nlog/post/27836817 眾說紛紜的端午節的來源 任家林 http://www.3378.org/topic/20100319/346.html 夏至節氣與端午節的起源 – 歷史文化學習網 edu.ocac.gov.tw/culture/chinese/festival/08/index08_c.html 屈原的故事 雲林縣馬光國小網

Commentary on Example 1 Completion of task The title makes it clear that the candidate intends to discuss the origin of the Dragon Boat Festival and there is clear evidence of extensive research. The candidate demonstrates excellent knowledge of the various stories as well as the activities associated with the festival. The essay shows a high level of intellectual competence by distinguishing between myths and facts. It first points out the inconsistencies in the stories, and then proceeds to explain how the activities and customs were actually associated with climate and general concern to health and well-being. All the points made are well argued and each point supported by evidence. Conclusions are convincing. Mark range: 13-15 (top end) Organisation and development Organisation and development of the essay are excellent. The essay is carefully planned and suitably concise. Factual knowledge, ideas and arguments are effectively presented and developed and skilfully controlled. With only 42 characters the introduction gives factual knowledge of the major activities of the festival. It sets the scene for discussion and leads to the second paragraph which is a brief but precise description of the story of 屈原. The essay is then dominated by arguments, evaluation and explanation and ends with a convincing conclusion. The essay is written well in 500 characters. Mark range: 9-10 Quality of language Language is fluent, varied and appropriate. It is of a high level of accuracy considering the need to fit the amount of details into the word limit. Mark range: 5 Overall This essay is a sophisticated piece of research work at GCE level; and is a good example of the type of essay that could be achieved on the topic ‘festivals’.

Example 2 中國傳統節日在現代社會是否有保留的價值? 春節、清明節、中秋節、端午節 …. 中國傳統節日對大部份現代中國人來說可能只是一個假期, 沒 有深入意義。那麼這些節日還有保留的價值嗎? 其實, 中國傳統節日蘊藏不少中華民族優良的價值觀。每年農曆除夕夜, 中國人都愛一家人一起吃 飯, 反映了中國人的強烈家庭觀念。中秋節時, 中國人也喜歡一家人一起吃月餅、賞月。賞月時月 亮要圓, 也是取團圓的意思。除了家庭觀念外, 中國人忠君愛國的思想亦反映在節日內。端午節紀 念屈原精忠殉國, 反映了中華民族忠的美德。清明節盂蘭節拜祭祖先, 豋山掃墓, 突顯了我們飲水 思源的良好習俗。七夕節, 透過紀念牛郎等著只可一年一見的妻子, 提醒我們愛情要專一。種種價 值觀在現代社會很容易被遺忘, 而傳統節日可提醒我們, 令家庭更融洽。 傳統節日更可提升中華人民的民族認同感,。這對海外僑民尤其重要。僑胞們旅居海外, 整天說外 語。中國人身份也逐漸模糊。透過慶祝傳統節日, 僑民可重新確認自己的民族身份。而國內同胞還 可以享受假期, 有助減少工作壓力。這樣社會自然少了反對的聲音, 有利政府施政。 節日還有巨大的經濟價值, 每逢佳節人們都要購買慶節用品, 中秋月餅, 端午粽子, 春節年花, 爆竹 等。還有很多中國人愛趁著節日出外旅遊, 不少外國遊客趁節日到訪中國, 希望參加節慶活動。可 見節日對旅遊業的重要。 所以, 中國傳統節日有保留價值。 493 characters

                                       

  Commentary on Example 2 Completion of task The candidate has chosen a title that is not really suitable. A different title focussing on one festival (as instructed in the specification) would have served the candidate better. The candidate holds the view that festivals and traditional values are still relevant to modern Chinese society. However, the essay shows no clear evidence of research related to this. The candidate provides some basic information by compiling the names of several festivals, but is not able to demonstrate genuine understanding of their significance or values. Some references are quite confused or arbitrary, for example, 賞月時月亮要圓, 也是取團圓的意思; 七夕 節…...
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