|How Will the 2012 Election affect US-Chinese Relations? | |Policy Brief |
|Lennox DeJonge | |11/21/2012 |
US- CHINESE Relations and affect of the 2012 Election
Fall 2012; America and the World
Throughout the last 50 years, US-Sino relations have been uneasy, marked by a general lack of understanding on both sides. China's role in the Korean War led to a US policy of "containment" towards China. Increased US co-operation with Taiwan, which China considers a renegade province, through the 1950s also contributed to the problems and the stalemate that characterized relations in the 1960s. “The 1980s saw some ups and downs with a number of disputes mainly centering on Taiwan. Human rights rose to the top of the agenda as sanctions were imposed on Beijing, a few of which remain to this day. The US, is not the only one that has just appointed another leader, Xi Jinping has been confirmed as the man to lead China for the next decade. This brief is to inform President Barack Obama of what he can do to improve US-Chinese relations. The brief will include:
• The History of past relations of US and China • The go forward plan between the two countries • Past, current and future policies along with their pros and cons Problem/Question
How will the 2012 Presidential Election affect US- Chinese relations? Historical Background
Problems began back during World War II, when the United tried to be neutral, but appeared closer to the Kuomintang (KMT) than to the communists. “In 1937 when Japan invaded, the communist chose to suspend the civil war against the KMT and cooperate with its adversary to pursue the war against Japan. The United States accepted the Chinese communist as partners in the war effort and tried to encourage the KMT and Mao’s communists to continue to work together. But while they allegedly cooperating, they began positioning themselves for the battles that broke out shortly after the end of World War II. Because the United States was allied to the government of China, led by Chiang Kai-shek, it had closer relations with the KMT than with the Communists. During World War II the KMT had blockaded the communists base areas, and the United States did not break the blockade. At the end of the war, the United States helped bring in Chinese government troops to a over from the Japanese and this helped the KMT forces better position from which to fight the Communists”
By 1949, the Chinese became strongly allied with the Soviet Union and had begun their rule in Beijing. Along with the Soviet Union they were strongly against the US and KMT. In the eyes of the communists, if it wasn’t for the US assistance to Chiang Kai- shek the Taiwan issue would’ve been resolved and they would have been rejoined with China, thus ending the war much earlier.
Let’s not forget the Korean War. The Korean War was a major factor responsible for setting relations between China and the United States in a state of enmity and mistrust, as it contributed to the United States policy of "containing" the Chinese threat through a trade embargo and travel restrictions, as well as through military alliances with other Asian nations. An important side effect of the Korean War was that Washington resumed military aid to Taiwan and throughout the 1950s became increasingly committed to Taiwan's defense, making the possibility of Chinese reunification more remote. After the United States-Taiwan Mutual Defense Treaty was signed in 1954, Taiwan became the most contentious issue between the...