Since 2008, the activity about ‘red song chorus’ has started in Chongqing city, under the municipal party secretary Bo Xilai’s appeal to ‘Sing revolutionary songs, Read classic books, Tell stories and Spread mottos’ (CQNEWS, 2010).Red songs encompass six aspects: the goodness of the Chinese Communist Party, the goodness of the Motherland, the goodness of socialism, the goodness of economic reform and opening, and the goodness of the People’s Army, which essentially embracing the entire political life of the Chinese people.This activity peaked around July 2011, when the 90th birthday of Chinese Communist Party was coming (Bandurski, 2011).Almost all of local governments, party branches, state-owned companies and schools in China hold activities of ‘red song chorus’. However, with the prevalence of such activities, generalpublic criticised more and more severely. This essay aims at analysing the reason why Chinese cultural policy about the ‘red song chorus’ which aimed at promoting general public’spatriotic emotions went contrary to policy makers’ wishes to some extent. Description
Actually, it should be noticed that general public’s attitude to this activity was changing. In the beginning, the majority of the public, the young people in particular, accepted it and thought it was interesting. Some university students in Chongqing took part in this actively at first. They said that the revolutionary songs were beautiful, full of passion, and singing these songs in the army uniform looked like special cosplay (Chen, 2012).In terms of my personal experience, both my friends and I were excited in acting these old songs with old famous gesture. We even searched the story about these songs with curiosity, and were touched by these brave heroes. In addition, young people shared with each other videos about red songs through the social-networking sites, such as Renren and sina micro blog. One of the most popular videos was about two foreign singers, who added pop music to Chinese red songs ‘Ying Shan Hong’ (Foreigners Sing Chinese Red Song, 2011). How
Nevertheless, with the prevalence of this activity around July 2011, when the 90th birthday of Chinese Communist Party was coming, the public’scriticism became severe to it. They criticised this activity in four main aspects. First of all, they argued that the activity reached a fever pitch in the days leading up to July 2011. The local TV station and radio station complied with government, repeat broadcasting 36 red songs were selected by government (Bandurski, 2011).It seemed to drag China back to the ultra-left Cultural Revolutionary period (Netease News, 2011). Secondly, there were large amounts of controversies about the huge cost of holding chorus activities (Netizen Party is Cool, 2011). Taking Chongqing as an example, the vice-president of China University of Political Science and Law, He Bing conjectured the sum of chorus expenditure in Chongqing could be 2.7 billion RMB, which should have been invested in medical insurance (Xie, 2011). In addition, the local government did not open their financial statement to the public. Thirdly, general public regarded the popularisation of revolutionary songs as the personal political grandstanding of local government leader, rather than the improvement of public’s cultural life (Netizen Party is Cool, 2011). Finally, nobody cared whether the public would like to participate in chorus or not. Instead, the organiser (government departments or state-owned companies) used the policy of registration, which would affect participants’ performance record to force them into joining in (Netizen xhl800, 2011). In this sense, it is necessary to understand the reason why this policy aimed at promoting the public’spatriotic emotions went contrary to policy makers’ wishes. Analysis
Before analysing the reasons, it should be noticed who are the central actors in making Chinese cultural policy. The actors’ability to make or influence...