China's One-Child Policy

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s): 16
  • Published: February 2, 2013
Read full document
Text Preview
China’s issue with overpopulation has been a difficult problem to solve for a long time. The Chinese population is one fifth of the world’s population, and China has the biggest land in Asia. Population’s increasing role in consumption can have serious environmental affects on one nation. Moreover, as people consume more, if the population increases more and more, it can cause exhaustion of resources, pollution by industries, decrease the supply of food and hurt the environment. China was overpopulated sharply before the Chinese government provided the family planning policy of "one child per family". Because of overpopulation, the Chinese government needed to provide the family planning policy of "one child per family." However, the policy caused some side effects on the population. The results are imbalance between developed and undeveloped areas, unbalance of male and female, preference of bearing only male children and increasing of selective-sex abortions. Although China has succeeded with its “one child” policy in the eastern area, the western area of China which is undeveloped still has couples who have two or even more than three children. The eastern area’s residents who live in big cities adhere easily to “one child per a family” policy, but western area’s residents who live in rural area need more than one child. If they have only one child, they cannot be productive in their agriculture; Also the preference of bearing only male children caused an unbalance of male and female, and many illegal abortions of girls. According to Kahn, “Selective-sex abortions are illegal but widespread. China today has the most sexually skewed adolescent and young adult populations in the world; boys outnumber girls at birth by a ratio of 118 to 100, according to China’s 2000 census.” (2004,p. 2). In these problems, what is the role of the Chinese government? Actually, even though the government has successfully decreased the rise of their population by family planning policy, they now have problems with the policy. In my opinion, the government should change family planning of “one child per a family” for preventing such a side effect of it and solve the problems; imbalance between developed and undeveloped areas, unbalance of male and female, preference of bearing only male children and increasing of selective-sex abortions. 

First of all, the Chinese government should make a governmental agency for solving the concerned population problems because the problems have possibilities to bring disaster in the future of China. One possibility is the Chinese working-age population is going to be decreased in 10 years. (Kahn, 2004, p.2). In this background, the Chinese government needs to make a more specific group to solve the problem than now. Until now, they have just an institution in charge of the Chinese population. However, China is facing a serious concern with this population problem. In addition, as the Chinese have a more increasing rate of population, China is finding it hard to control their population and its problems. At such a time, China not only has to make a governmental agency, but this agency should have branches all over China. Since change of population can bring various effects in the huge land of China, the Chinese government is required to make many parts of the agency. For instance, there should be a branch in each town. And if the city or town is very big, the number of agency has to be thought out. In addition, the Chinese government needs to encourage brilliant experts of demography and statistics to work in the agency. The agencies in the western area should provide some guidelines only for rural residents. According to the author in “Two imbalances emerge in China’s population growth,” “birth rate imbalance between urban and rural areas and the imbalance between eastern and western areas have emerged at the same time.” (Xinhua New Agency, 2004, p.1). What rural areas have had a problem of birth control...
tracking img