China's Road to the Korean War

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In 1949, China was re-emerging as a world power, after finally defeating its long-standing civil war with Chiang Kai Shek and re-establishing it territory, it let the Chinese stand proud and on their feet for the first time in 100 years. However, they knew this would not last long when realizing they would be viewed as a threat to the imperialistic United States because of its attempts to take back Taiwan and the fact that they were a newly formed Communist government. They knew eventually China would have to face the U.S in a military showdown, they just did not know when and where this would take place. The intervening during the assault on the Korean peninsula in the course of the Korean War proved the most dominating decision for them. On October 19, 1950, one year after the communist regime was established; Mao Zedong sent troops to the Chinese/Korean border to fight back U.N troops quickly approaching, even though it newly established Communist regime was facing massive problems including still trying to re-unify the country. It is still under debate exactly how and why Chinese leaders made the compelling decision to lead China into the Korean War, but brings to light the cataclysmic problems and events that would emerge in the aftermath of the war. Chen Jian, author of China’s Road to the Korean War: The Making of the Sino-American Confrontation, interprets the Korean War as being both a civil war and an international conflict, in which he mainly focuses on the overall international attitude while having a strong focal point on China’s role in the war. He assumes that China's motives were determined by a combination of three factors. 1) That Chinese nationalism brought on by the revolution viewed outside hostility as a threat to its own nationalism. 2) It was China’s mission to spread and promote an Asian or even world revolution designed to be like its own revolution. 3) China needed to maintain the inner momentum and dynamics of the Chinese...
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