China's National Interest

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ANALYSIS OF CHINA’S NATIONAL INTERESTS
BY DR. YAN XUE-TONG

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Acknowledgment

The English version of Analysis of China’s National Interests is a result of many people’s contribution. Professor Monte Bullard deserves profound thanks. He initiated the translation project when I presented him this book at the Monterey Institute of International Studies in 1998 when he served as the Director of the East Asia Nonproliferation Project there. He raised funds for the translation and did the English proof reading by himself. There would be no English version of this book without his efforts. I also want to express my gratefulness to Mr. Meng Jun for his hard work in translating this book. Chapter Two focuses on a very abstract and complicated theory model and Chapter Seven dwells on Chinese culture. The jargon in Chapter Two and traditional Chinese proverbs in Chapter Seven must have consumed a huge amount of his time. I owe special thanks to Mr. George Brunn and Mrs. Ruthie Brunn who devoted many days and nights to revise the manuscripts. Their work made many arguments of this book easier for English readers to understand. I hope that the contribution made by these people can help American readers to have a better understanding of foreign policy making in China. Yan Xuetong November 3, 2002

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Table of Contents 
Acknowledgment ....................................................................................................................... 2  Table of Contents ...................................................................................................................... 3  Chapter 1 -- The Concept of National Interest ...................................................................... 7  Confused Concepts of National Interest ................................................................................. 7  1. National interest does not have a class nature ............................................................... 7  2. The definitions of “interest” and “national interest”..................................................... 11  The Formulation of National Interest ................................................................................... 11  1. National interest and the nation state are not twins ...................................................... 11  2. Dynastic interest is not national interest ...................................................................... 14  3. The emergence of the concept of national interest ...................................................... 16  Formation and Classification of National Interest ............................................................... 17  1. The formation of national interest................................................................................. 17  2. Classification of national interest................................................................................. 19  National Interests and International Interests ...................................................................... 20  1. Unifying patriotism and internationalism .................................................................... 20  2. The relationship between national interest and international interest.......................... 22  Changes in National Interests............................................................................................... 25  1. The life span of national interests ................................................................................. 25  2. Various changes in national interests........................................................................... 26  Chapter 2 - Judging National Interests................................................................................. 29  Difficulties in Judging National Interests ............................................................................. 29  1. Are there appropriate criteria for judging national interests?...
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