China's Ming Government

Topics: Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty, Hierarchy Pages: 4 (1390 words) Published: April 23, 2012
The Ming Dynasty ruled China from 1368 to 1644, succeeding the Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty and fell amidst war and peasant turmoil to the Qing Dynasty. Sixteen emperors ruled over all of China in this dynasty which spanned 276 years. They followed an ideological hierarchy where the people admired, In the Ming period of government in China, the characteristics and behavior of the emperor were essential to set up a good public opinion of government. The dynasty based its principles under the Confucian system, which meant it was vital to conform to the strict hierarchical structure of the social and political codes which formed the foundation of the system. The structure of bodies of their government included all levels of society, but was ultimately influenced and dictated by the higher levels of the power structure, and ultimately the emperor. Within the hierarchy of the Ming dynasty, there were certain rights and responsibilities of the people, that could not be transcended, and which ensured that each member of society remained in their proper place within the structure. There were basically people above, to whom ordinary citizens owed deference and respect, and people below, to whom the higher-ups owed protection. No one was left out, but rather seen as an important part of a network which could only be successful if everyone willingly played their designated role, and did not attempt to transcend their social status. This type of government is dictated from the top of the power structure but permeated to all its levels. Government of the country, of a province, of a household, were all aspects of the same strictly enforced social order and each level could be seen as reflecting the pattern of the one above. However, according to Confucian practices it was not enough to understand good practice and to put it into effect, it was also essential to show to others that the person was aware of their particular place in the social and political hierarchy. There was a...
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