China’s Role in Mekong Energy and Electricity Development

Topics: Mekong, People's Republic of China, China Pages: 24 (21041 words) Published: May 17, 2013
China’s role in Mekong energy and electricity  development  Kevin Yuk‐shing Li 
Overview........................................................................................................................2 “Go West” – The beginning of Lancang‐Mekong River development...................2 From “Go West” to “Go Global” – The consequences of geographical integration  and market liberalization.......................................................................................4 Historical background of China’s diplomacy and foreign aid/investment..................6 Geopolitical analysis in regional context .....................................................................7 Policies review of China’s diplomacy in neighbouring countries and the “Going  Global” initiative ...........................................................................................................9 China’s role in Mekong’s energy development..........................................................14 China’s Power Sector Reform and its influence in the Mekong region...............14 Monopoly and “Going Global” Initiative .............................................................16 Impacts of energy and power imports on pricing system ...................................17 Table 1: Basic data of electricity generation, transmission and consumption in  southern China and between China (Yunnan) and the Mekong region..............18 Power demand from Guangdong nurtures Western energy base ......................19 Key energy projects concerned in the Mekong region ..............................................21 A list of power companies and financiers that are involved in the investments 21 A list of key energy projects (installed capacity of more than 10 MW) funded by  Chinese government and/or companies, or caused cross‐border impacts ........34 Cross‐border impacts of such projects ................................................................43 Decrease of Minimum Discharge .................................................................44 Water Fluctuation ........................................................................................44 Social and Environmental Impacts...............................................................44 Environmental impacts ................................................................................44 Social issues..................................................................................................45 Geological issues ..........................................................................................46 Cultural issues ..............................................................................................46 Profiles of key actors in energy sector .......................................................................46 Map out a structure of decision‐making process in China’s energy sector ........47 Description of the roles of each player throughout the process ........................47 Host country’s electricity department / Host country's power companies..47 Chinese government ....................................................................................48 1

Chinese state‐owned power companies ......................................................48 Export and Import Bank of China (China Exim Bank) and state‐owned  commercial banks ........................................................................................48 State‐owned Assets Supervisory and Administrative Committee (SASAC) ..49 National Energy Bureau / State Electricity Regulatory Commission (SERC) 49 Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) and China Securities  Regulatory Commission (CSRC)....................................................................49 A chronology of the interaction between China and Greater Mekong Sub‐region  over the issue of electricity trade and investment..............................................50...
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