Chile and the Revolution from Below

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¡La Vía Chilena!
Though the liberation of the Yarur Mill occurred on April 28, 1971 in what would be described as a "spontaneous" seizure by the union leaders of the mill, it was decades of oppression, manipulation, and exploitation that forced the hands of the workers to either live free, or die trying to gain that freedom. The necessity for the Chilean revolution was not only seen from the bottom up perspective of the workers, it also was recognized from the top down, by the Salvador Allende government, and the people of Chile who voted his Populist Party into power. Faced with the majority of its wealth in the hands of the elite class and foreign investors, the workers, peasants, urban lower class, and the indigenous population were understandably receptive to Marxist and Communist politics which changed their fundamental beliefs about the distribution of a nations' wealth. Factors such as these, combined with the presidential victory of Allende in 1970, increased the workers confidence at the Yarur Mill to seize the factory, igniting the social revolution of Chile from the bottom up. Simultaneously, with the same goal of the socialization in mind, Allende would be forced to quicken his political platform, which would in turn create a well foreseen backlash that would lead to his demise and the ultimate sacrifice, his life.

Chilean society at the time leading up to the toma, was monopolized by a small elite economically, politically, and socially. For example, the textile industry monopoly "...was facilitated by ethnic ties and social links" and was controlled "...by three families..." Though the textile industry was its own sector within the Chilean economy, it could be a prime example of how wealth concentrated itself within the hands of a tiny population at the top of a capitalistic society. To make matters increasingly dire for the poor workers and peasants at the bottom of society, the "clans" that dominated Chile economically had no intention at...
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