Chile's Society and Culture

Topics: Chile, Atacama Desert, Culture Pages: 5 (1034 words) Published: December 8, 2009

Interesting Facts:

● Chile is the narrowest and longest country in the world • In one 40 year span no rain fell in Chiles Atacama Desert for 40 years. • Northern Chile is home to the world's driest desert: Atacama. • Almost half of the country's population lives in or around the capital city Santiago. • Chile claims about 1,250,000 square kilometers of Antarctica, or roughly 9% of its total size, as Chilean territory. They even show the weather forecast for it on the news. • Chile's number one export is copper. The world's largest open pit mine is found at Chuquicamata in northern Chile.

Monday, Wednesday, Friday 5:30-6:30
Sociology and Anthropology

Cultural Traits:

Material Element


1. Biotech innovations improve the country's core industries of mining and salmon fishing. 2. The government has put forth multiple initiatives aimed at creating a population that uses IT as an integral part of their daily lives.

3.Software has opportunities for growth over the next years, despite a relatively high software piracy.
4. IT services
For a developing market, the percentage of IT market revenues generated by services is currently around 37 per cent, high considering emerging market standards, but similar to other countries in the region such as Brazil.

5. E-readiness
Chile enjoys one the best telecommunications infrastructure in South America and rates highly in many regional e-readiness indicators.


1. Among its strengths is Chile 's vast infrastructure. 2. A large portion of the population has a PC, access to the Internet and increasingly broadband is becoming available to the larger population. This has allowed the adoption of and reliance upon technology to spread.

Non Material Element


The official language of Chile is Spanish ( castellano as Chileans call it), which is spoken by practically all the country's inhabitants. In the northern region some twenty thousand indigenous people also speak Aymará, while most of Chile's Mapuche population speak or at least understand their ancestral language, Mapudungu. In Eastern Island the two thousand native inhabitants speak their own language of Polynesian origin. Chileans of foreign ancestry do sometime also speak their mother tongue but do so almost exclusively in the intimacy of their home.


The national flag and the national anthem are the two most important symbols of national identity. The flag consists of two horizontal bands of white (above) and red (below), representing, respectively, the Andean snow and the Indians' blood fallen in their heroic struggle against the Spanish invaders. The flag also has a blue square at the hoist-side end of the white band with a white five-pointed star in the center. The blue represents Chile's clear blue sky while the white star was the Araucanian Indians coat of arms used in their battlefield banners.


❖ Chile, like most Latin countries has a low Individualism rank. This tells us that the society values collectivism over individualism. This is value is evident in the long term commitment to family, extended family, or extended relationships in the Latin culture communication.

❖ Power Distance is given high importance as a value for the people of Chile. It is described as less powerful members of organizations, such as family, accept and expect that power is distributed unequally. It goes along with their strong value of collectivism. Chileans have a strong sense of the group and their group identity and role.

❖ Masculinity versus femininity is the next set of cultural values, and it refers to the roles of the genders within a society. This is one of the lowest ranked values for the country, and shows that they value other aspects of their culture more than gender roles.

❖ Respect for elders is...
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