Children and young people’s rights: provision, protection and participation Unit code(s):
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HNC Early Education and Childcare
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Children and Young People’s Rights: Provision, protection and participation- Assessment 1 Throughout this piece of work there are going to be many children’s rights and parental responsibilities which are highlighted with the United Convention on the Rights of the Child which sets out specific rights each child has and how the governing bodies should use these and how the Children’s (Scotland) Act 1995 adds to this. There is also information on the protecting vulnerable groups scheme and how this helps to keep children safe and works alongside the Protection of Children (Scotland) Act 2003 to ensure a safe environment for children and how this affects public opinions of the rights of the child. There is also a section on the National Care Standards for Scotland and how this affects practice in early education. The United Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) sets out 54 standards which each child has the right to have, this is a worldwide piece of legislation which the United Kingdom signed on the 19th of April 1990 and ratified the following year on December the 16th, the UNCRC was finally rolled out on the 15th of January 1992 (United Convention on the Rights of the Child, 26/04/12). The first 45 rights relate directly to the child and the last 9 relate to how the government and agencies should carry out the standards. Some of the main articles include article 1 which states that “Everyone under the age of 18 has all the rights in the convention” (A summary of the United Nations Convention on the rights of the Child, N.D), another really important article is article 19 which states that “Governments must do all they can to ensure that children are protected from all forms of violence, abuse, neglect and mistreatment by their parents or anyone else who looks after them”. The Scottish Government has done this in childcare settings by introducing the protecting vulnerable groups scheme (PVG), this scheme police checks each individual that will work with any vulnerable group including children to see if they have a criminal record and would be safe to work with children. Article 23 states that “A child with a disability has the right to live a full and decent life in conditions that promotes dignity, independence and an active role in the community. Governments must do all they can to provide free care and...