Childrens Fubctional Health Pattern

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Functional Health Pattern Assessment (FHP)
Toddler
Erickson’s Developmental Stage:
Autonomy vs. Shame and DoubtPreschool-Aged
Erickson’s Developmental Stage:
Initiative vs. Guilt:School-Aged
Erickson’s Developmental Stage:
Industry vs. Inferiority
Pattern of Health Perception and Health Management:

List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.

List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.
The overall growth rate slows significantly, and the increasingly active toddlers begin the process of shedding baby fat and straightening their posture (Edelman & Mandle, 2010).

Interviewing the caregiver and watching the reaction of the child will give clues of trust. Child should appear fearful of their environment, clinging to the caregiver (Arlene F Harder MA, 2012).

Because children in this age group are often seeking independence, they are likely to learn to accept personal responsibility for their actions; however, parental involvement is crucial at this time in order to fully meet the child's needs (Edelman & Mandle, 2010). Growth and development within normal range Dietary needs, eating habits and dental hygiene provided (Edelman, C.&Mandle,2010) School-age children must be aware of their surroundings in order to prevent harmful situations. They should have knowledge of where and how to go or help (Arlene F Harder MA, 2012).

They should have school etiquette for colds; flu and bathroom use (Arlene F Harder MA, 2012).

Toddlers are prone to injury inside the home and out, physical assessment of the child’s body to look for injury or possible physical abuse vs. cultural markings. (Arlene F Harder MA, 2012).
Children need to develop a sense of personal control over physical skills and a sense of independence. Toilet training should have been initiated (Erik H. Erikson2012).

How is the discipline handled at home? The child should be able to speak to this. Notice the interaction between the primary caregiver and child during this phase. Is the child fearful or anxious of doing something wrong, extreme behavior i.e. extremely compliant or extremely demanding, extremely passive or extremely aggressive (Erik H. Erikson2012). Nurses assess whether the child is receiving preventive dental care. Parents should be encouraged to begin or maintain this care. Suggestions for promoting good oral hygiene as part of general health-promotion teaching (Edelman & Mandle, 2010).

A natural disaster or the death of a parent can be devastating for a child this age. One of the most common reasons for death in a school-age child is from firearms, trauma, and cancer. (University of Illinois, 2012). Note reaction to touch and questions especially if child shields or flinches at sudden movements, afraid to go home (Melinda Smith, M.A., and Jeanne Segal, Ph.D.2012). Nutritional-Metabolic Pattern:

List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.

List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group. Toddler should be weaned from the breast to milk (Edelman, C.&Mandle,2010)

Toddler within normal range for growth chart (Edelman, C.&Mandle,2010)

Child eating 3 meals a day at least five serving of fruits and vegetables and 2 snacks (Edelman & Mandle, 2010). Child should consume approximately half of their diet in carbohydrates, with the other half consisting of protein (5% to 20%) and fat (30% to 40%) (Edelman & Mandle, 2010).Some school-age children willingly try new foods, many continue to dislike vegetables, fruits, casseroles, spicy foods, and iron-rich foods and prefer a small range of foods (Edelman & Mandle, 2010). School age children should consume 1200-1800 calories per day (Edelman & Mandle, 2010). |

Toddler should eat food rich with Iron (Edelman & Mandle, 2010).

Toddler still using bottle
causing dental...
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