Behaviors and Strategies for the Home and School Setting
When children begin to start at a day-care or preschool it is a major change for the child and their family. This is the opening to a whole new beginning for the child. Educators usually choose education as a profession because they love children, but being a teacher is more than that. We need to look at children in the context of their family and the family in the context of the community. Teacher would then need to have a connection with the children, family, and community. In this paper I will discuss theories and concepts that support the child and their family. I will also discuss strategies teachers can use for different behaviors the children may have and what they can suggest to the family to help these behaviors as well.
One very important factor that educators need to know is that all families are different. They have different cultures, races, ethnicity, socioeconomic level, and family structure, which all play into what these families are. We need to be aware of these things. Educators should make these families feel comfortable and they should respect them. They should also take interest in their culture or ethnicity so they will know how to make the child feel comfortable in the classroom setting. Encourage these parents to be involved in the classroom, bring a little bit of what their culture is like to the other classmates attention. Maybe encourage them to read a story about their culture to the class, or let the children try different foods that are normal to them. This can really make the family and the child more comfortable in the classroom. Parents could encourage their child to become familiar with foods, language, attire, whatever it may be, at home. This way the child knows about different cultures as well and has no reason to feel left out. All of these things have to deal with the interactions of a child. Urie Bronfenbrenner came up with a theory to support all the interactions a child has, this is called “Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory.” The first layer of Bronfenbrenner’s theory is the microsystem. The microsystem is a child’s closest interactions. These would consist of immediate family, teachers, peers, child care, and the neighborhood play area. The second layer of the theory would be the Mesosystem. The mesosystem is the interactions that the people in the child’s microsystem have interactions with. Examples of these interactions would be; child care, school, local industry, religious or spiritual groups, neighborhoods, and home. The next layer of Bronfenbrenner’s theory is the Exosystem. The layer is a broader layer that the child can be affected by. This may include; family networks, school board, local government, social welfare, work places, mass media, neighbors, extended family. The last layer of the ecological theory is the macrosystem, which is the largest of all the layers. This would include; values, laws, customs, culture, idieologies. Bronfenbrenner’s theory is very honest and true. These are the interactions that children have and each one of these layers affect the child in some way. Teachers need to understand the influences that these children and their families may have on them.
All educators need to take a family-centered approach to teaching. A family-centered approach takes the individual child and the group of children out of the spotlight and instead focuses on the children within their families. That means that parent involvement isn’t something the teacher does in addition to the program for children, but that the program includes the family as an integral, inseparable, part of the child’s education and socialization. Families, along with their children, are the program.( Gonzalez-Mena 2009) This would mean that families and teachers need to become partners. They will have to compromise and work together to benefit the education the child receives. The child...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document