There are a variety of physical characteristics that are associated with children that are diagnosed with Autism. One characteristic that is noticeable is an abnormal face structure. Brachycephalic also known as flat head syndrome is a type of cephalic (Brain) disorder that is common with autistic children. This occurs when the carnal structure fuses prematurely, causing a shortened front- to –back diameter of the skull.
Another common characteristic in Autistic children is Eye Asymmetry this is when their eyes are far apart other than normal. According to a study, children with Autism also have a shorter middle region of the face including the nose and check as well as a wider mouth and philtrum (The divot above the lip and below the nose).
The mouth is also a part of the body that affects the character makeup. Mouth Asymmetry is when the mouth is not symmetrical or evenly balanced. Macrostomia means abnormal largeness of the mouth. As far as the jaw formation, they have prominent low jaw meaning the lower jaw is significant shorter than the upper jaw. This affects the bone structure, and speech impediment.
Another common characteristic is the ear lobe crease. This is when a line or fold is in the earlobe. Their has been a lot of research done in the pass for Autism, and there is currently treatment available. But doctors all around the world are still researching for a cure. Their has been a lot of different kinds of medication that has been tested, and has been approved by the FDA (Federal Drug Administration). With the right type of treatment many Autistic children will be helped. One of the medications use to treat Autism is Amitriptyline. Amitriptyline is a tricylic (contains tree rings in the molecular structure) medication. Tricylic antidepressants enhance the activity of monoamine neurotransmitters in the brain by inhibiting their reuptake by the cells that secrete them. Even though Amitriptyline causes drowsiness, and a dry mouth it is the most widely used tricylic antidepressant. Bupropin better known as wellburtin is a mild psychostimulaut that is use to treat Autism. Burpropin lowers seizure threshold and its potential to cause seizures has been widely publicized. However with the recommended does the risk of seizures is comparable to that observed for other anti depressants. Bupropin is an effective antidepressant on its own, but it is particularly popular as an “add on” medication. Bupropin improves mood by increasing the concentration. Seizure is the most controversial side effect of bupropin, and was responsible for it’s initial withdrawal from the market. The common adverse effect is dry mouthmausea, insomnia (difficulty sleeping), tremor, and excessive sweating.
Just like amitriptyline, clompramine is a tricylic antidepressant. It is use to treat obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). It produces uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry by repetitive behaviors. The side effects are fatigue, dizziness, light heartiness, headache, confusion, agitation, and insomnia.
Fluoxetine is used for major, depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, bulimia nervosa, panic disorder, body dysmorphis, and premenstrual dysphonic disorder. The side effects are nausea, insomnia, anorexia. OCD was successfully treated by fluoxetine. It results in a better response with a higher dose. Autism treatment usually goes on for the rest of their lives. There are different therapist to also help children with Autism like a therapist and occupational therapist. The occupational therapist help teach them basic skills, such as bathe, tie shoes, put on clothes etc. A physical therapist helps them with their body movement for example walking, running etc.
These include speech, occupational, and physical therapy. These therapies are important components of managing autism and should all be included in various aspects of the child’s treatment program. Speech therapy can help a child with Autism improve language...
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