Children Rights Worldwide and in Pakistan

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Research Paper on Children Rights Worldwide and in Pakistan.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1
* Introduction
* Problem Statement
* Rationale of the Study
* Scope of the Research
Chapter 2
Literature Review
* Special Rapporteur’s Role
* Solving a Complex Dilemma
* Victimizing the Marginalized
* Abuses against Street Children
* Halting Unlawful Jailing
* A global Pact on Children Rights
* Making Needs a Matter of Rights
* A Catalyst for National Action
* Injustices Perpetrated by Adults
* Human Rights and Development
* Listening to Children’s Voices
* Types of Rights
* Difference between Children’s Rights & Youth
* Movement
* International Law
* Convention on the rights of Child
* Enforcement
* United States Law

Chapter 3
Rights of Child in Pakistan
* Preliminary Observation
* Participation to Convention
* Recent History
* General Observation
* Children and Armed Conflict
* Child Soldiers
* Refugee Children
* Discrimination
* Discrimination against Girls
* Federalism & Rights of the Child
* Definition of the Child
* Promotion against Torture & other Cruel
* Legal Framework
* Cases of Torture
* Training and Law Enforcement
* Protection against other forms of Violence
* Child Sexual abuse & prostitution
* Legal framework
* Child Sexual Abuse
* Measurement against sexual abuse
* Child Trafficking
* Legal Framework
* Cases
* Children’s Courts
* Death Penalty & Life Imprisonment

Chapter 4
Results and Discussions

* Basic Indicator Table
* Child Protection
* Nutrition
* Education
* Literacy rate
* School Attendance
* Infants and Toddlers by Family Income

Chapter 5
Conclusion and Recommendations
* References
* Bibliography

Chapter 1

INTRODUCTION

There is no way to thoroughly enumerate the various ways in which children around the world are economically exploited and physically mistreated. But the numbers are great -- and the suffering widespread. Behind the hideous imagery -- of children beaten or sexually abused by parents; ravaged beyond their years by hard living and drug abuse on the streets; maimed by landmines or turned into killers by war; stricken with AIDS -- are the all-too-common struggles against disease, hardship, and family or social traditions that compromise children's humanity or subject them to physical and emotional suffering.

While victims of injustice and poverty have always had trouble being heard, none have had more trouble, historically, than children. Whether exploited as child laborers or prostitutes, drafted as young teenagers into armed forces, forced as young girls into a lonely life as domestic workers, deprived of an education to work on the family farm, or denied adequate nutrition and health care, children need help and protection from an adult world that perpetrates most of the abuse.

Problem Identification

Children's rights are the human rights of children with particular attention to the rights of special protection and care afforded to the young, including their right to association with both biological parents, human identity as well as the basic needs for food, universal state-paid education, health care and criminal laws appropriate for the age and development of the child. Interpretations of children's rights range from allowing children the capacity for autonomous action to the enforcement of children being physically, mentally and emotionally free from abuse, though what constitutes "abuse" is a matter of debate. Other definitions include the rights to care and nurturing.

"A child is any human being below the age of eighteen years, unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier."According to Cornell University, a child is a person, not a sub person, and the parent has absolute interest...
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