The world of literature is a created world that often deals with the world of people and their everyday experiences. Most modern critics agree that whatever its apparent content, literature is finally to be regarded as a portrait or imitation of life (Pickering and Hoeper, 1981; 11-12). The portrait of people, their personalities and lives are portrayed through characters in the works of literature. In addition, portrait which has always played a central role in understanding literature is closely related to the medium, suggesting that portrait functions through reproductions, or by possessing the likeness of an object (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/portrait_art). The portrait is considered as the topic of this paper to explore how the author shows the personalities of main characters in The Rainbow Troops. In addition, it is used to gain insight the ways these personalities are shaped that make each of the main characters come to life. Concerning with the portrait of life, this paper is going to reveal children portrait in Andrea Hirata’s The Rainbow Troops through psychoanalysis, an approach that concerns about personality and psychological world of human beings by Austrian Physician Sigmund Freud (Morgan, King and Robinson, 1979: 518). Freud is considered as one of the most important theories in the field of personality. He stated that people can develop defense mechanism to cope with the anxiety that occurs within themselves (Wortman, Lotfus, and Weaver, 1999: 433). Both psychoanalysis and literary works represent human life. The literary works even use some of the psychoanalysis aspects to liven up the characters in the story. Thus, psychoanalysis approach can be applied to analyze characters within a book (Stephen, 2000: 356-357). In this paper, the writer focuses on children literature especially children portrait of the the main character, Lintang in Andrea Hirata’s The Rainbow Troops. Children literature has received little serious linguistic analysis despite its widely acknowledged influence on the development and socialization of young people. In The Rainbow Troops novel, the author analyzes survey of children portrait in that novel. The novel is written by Andrea Hirata in 2005. It tells the true story of eleven children —Ikal, Mahar, Lintang, Trapani, Syahdan, Harun, A Kiong, Sahara, Kucai, Borek, Flo— who hand-in-hand struggled for education in poor school in Belitong. This novel is so worthy to discuss because it describes us, how fighting spirit can change the hard condition. The Rainbow Troops, set on Belitong Island, tells the story of a tight-knit group of students and their teachers fighting for their education and dignity, even as they face a continual hardship. Fabulously rich in natural resources, Belitong is also home to chronic poverty and educational discrimination. This amazing story tells of a persistent young teacher and her tireless efforts to fight for her ten students’ right to an education. Together, they take the reader on a journey through the beauty of childhood friendship, the inspiration of love, and the power of education. The students’ magnetic personalities and unflagging determinations are sure to inspire. As both a story and a literary work, The Rainbow Troops is priceless. It contains a unique, new way of telling a story. This inspirational book conveys a sad tale with laughter and lightheartedness. It tells of oppressed people protesting in admirably good humor, without swearing, without violence, without the divisive political movement, and without anyone to take up their cause. The vicissitudes of growing up are depicted brilliantly; the reader will be touched by an absurd yet pure first love, and one can’t help but smile at the innocence of the children as they earnestly plan their future. Above all, The Rainbow Troops tackles serious issues, such as the right to education and corporate exploitation, while framing them within the tale of a beautiful...
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