REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
This chapter presents the review of related literature and studies about broken homes and their effects to children’s character. The review focuses on a number of different instruments used to prove that belonging to a broken family is the main cause for these children to possess strong character. The chapter begins with the definition of broken home, and then followed by its effects on the children. The struggles faced by these children, and their perspective in life are discussed. 2.1 RELATED LITERATURE
According to Collins Cobuild Advanced Dictionary of English, a home can refer to a family unit. Composed of the father, mother, children, and sometimes with any other members of the extended family, it is a place where one lives with one’s family. It is an institution where each member needs care, love, comfort, and sense of security. However, there are homes that are incomplete in one way or another everywhere in the globe. Death or divorce may be the cause and they may have disastrous effects on a child’s development, in other cases the injuries may be insignificant. Judging the situation of a child of a ‘broken home’ is never easy. A divorce is often followed by a long period of deep dissention, which certainly means emotional strain and discord. As a rule, the child cannot be protected by this or kept in ignorance of it. It is obvious, though, that on an average, a broken home situation has injurious effects. These seem reason to suppose that dissention in a home increases the risk of phobia and reduces resistance to stress (Sandstrom, 1979). Even so, the way that these children struggle to live a normal life and being used to so many problems somehow bring positive effect to them. They may have developed a character stronger than the others who were given the opportunity to live a normal life. 2.2.2 WHEN DOES BROKEN HOME HAPPEN?
Families are the corner stone of our society. All of us want to have healthy families. But because of the fact that happy families don’t happen automatically, we have to realize that having a healthy family entails a lot of conscious effort. However, no matter how ideal a family in terms of their relationship, there are still hardships and misunderstandings that will come along the way. It is just part of any relationships anyway. But, the sad part is when one of the family members gave up and the others have left with no choice but to accept and let go. Less fortunate families who find themselves in a dilemma will experience difficulties in solving the issue without other’s help. According to Cruz (2008), many of us have long realized that keeping a family together is not an easy task nowadays. Where there used to be a wide network of emotional support from extended family and friends, several families now find themselves quite alone to face their issues. When a home lacks love and justice, peace will not exist and there will be the tendency for a home to be broken. 2.2.3 WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF BROKEN HOME?
Nowadays, some of the basic family values, if not lost, are minimized by the society. The head of the family, the father and mother in particular, are in control of every action and decision regarding family matters. These actions and decisions have great effect on each member of the family. There are many reasons for having a broken family. The most common reasons are lack of love, communication breakdown, and sexual unfaithfulness. Lock of love is the major reason why many couples break apart today. It is half way true that love is the most necessary key to succeed in life and in marriage (Sala, 2005). Love, they say, does not lack because if you truly love your spouse, it will be very difficult for you to break away from such person. The truth is that when one of the spouses had found a new love elsewhere, he or she becomes desperate and will start looking for any means to breakaway. Also come to this, the father and...