Childhood Obesity

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Childhood Obesity
Childhood Obesity is a serious condition of epidemic proportions affecting American society. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), reveals that “ Childhood Obesity has more than triple in the past 30 years, from 7% in 1980 to nearly 20% in 2008 in children between 6-11. Similarly, there is an increase from 5% to 18% in adolescents from aged 12-19 during the same period.” 1 The study was conducted nationwide, pulling information from the database created by Physicians in the states and counties and all major factors where taken in consideration. Obesity and overweight are not interchangeable definitions, but related to each other by the way there are assessed using the Body Mass Index (BMI). This is why it is highly recommended to see a physician to determine ones overall health condition. The doctor will take different factors in to consideration, like Body Mass Index (BMI), muscular mass and body frame and compare them to charts of other children of same age, height and sex. Having an accurate diagnosis is important because there are genetic diseases and hormonal disorders that can cause Obesity as well. But the most common cause of overweight and Obesity is a calorie intake disorder, were the amount of calories consumed is higher than needed by the body on a daily basis, turning the extra calories into fat. Overweight and Obesity has immediate health effects in a long and short term. The most common are cardiovascular diseases; such as high cholesterol or high blood pressure. Pre-diabetes, which indicates high glucose level in the blood that can develop into type 2 diabetes, the extra weight will increase the risk of bone and joint problems as well, sleep apnea, and social and psychological problems, like low self-esteem. Statistics also reveal that childhood obesity increases the probability of been obese as an adolescent and as an adult, bringing more adult health problems like; type 2 diabetes, stroke, osteoarthritis and...
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