Child and young person development
Outcome 1 ~ Know the main stages of child and young person development
1.1 ~ Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years to include:-
a) Physical development
b) Communication and intellectual development
c) Social, emotional and behavioural development
| Physical development
| Communication & intellectual development
| Social, emotional & behavioural development
0 – 3 Years
| * Sucking * Small movements * Grasping & investigating objects with hands and mouth * Lifting Head * Rolling over * Sitting * Crawling * Walking * Running * Refining fine motor skills such as pointing, catching, throwing, holding a pen or feeding themselves. * Teeth begin to arrive
| * Recognising familiar voices, and soothed when hears them. * Babbling moving onto to odd words, increasing to conversation using over 200 words by the age of 2. * Using games to encourage communications such as songs, books, puzzles encouraging interaction and learning along with letter and word recognition.
| * From very early on babies may form an attachment, generally to those caring for them for example their parents or carers. * If a child goes to a Nursery, they are most likely to be given a key worker. * Some children may have tantrums; commonly called the terrible twos. This isn’t always the case, but if this does happen it may be due to their frustration in participating in a game or lack of understanding why they are unable to do what they would like.
3– 7Year s
| * Hand/Eye Co-ordination * Fine motor skills such as using scissors and writing * Gross motor skills such as running, jumping, skipping, skilful games such as football
| * Children may ask lots of questions * Conversations cover past, present and future. * Talks lots * May still get words muddled. * Increase in more complex conversations.
| * Develop Confidence * Play independently * Continue to develop their own identity * Enjoys socialising with their peers often using imaginative play. * Boundaries are being tested and learnt. * May try to comfort those that are upset.
7 – 12Years
| * Refining their skills * They begin to find out what they enjoy, * Participate in sewing, musical instruments, singing etc during classes * Children may follow this through with joining out of school activities in sport or music. * Children may display early signs of puberty.
| * Continues to enjoy books and stories. * Can communicate their feelings. * Develops reading and writings skills * Sentence structures become more complex. * Use computers in school and their home. * Can use the telephone to call people and answer.
| * Children may form more settled friendships and friendship groups. * With praise and encouragement children enjoy and work well. * Children may be aware of what their peers and adults think of them and may change their behaviour to suit their environment. * Some may start to be competitive
12 – 18Years
| * The time of puberty, when many changes happen to the body. * Improved motor skills in activities such as jumping, running, climbing, swimming and skipping. * They may enjoy team sports
| * More extensive vocabulary * Has developed complex reading & writing skills. * Continues to increase computer & telephone skills.
| * During puberty their moods and behaviour can be quite erratic. * Confidence is fragile and easily affected by those around them. * Children enjoy becoming more independent. * The pressures of exams and life may affect some children
16 – 19Years
| * Girls have reached maturity by this age. * Boys continue to grow. * These young adults may continue to build upon existing skills which can lead them towards their future occupations, such as Pilot training, Police, Fire...
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