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Instructor: Koshy Varghese, M.S. (Biology), M.Ed., M.S. (Psychology) Email:
Phone: 903-874-6501
General Biology I (BIOL 1406)


Spring 2013


General Biology I is an introductory survey of contemporary biology for students majoring in the sciences. Topics emphasized will include the chemical basis of life, structure and function of cells, energy transformations, and molecular biology and genetics. The student must be committed to successfully completing this course.


1. To understand and apply appropriate methods and technology to the study of natural sciences
2. To recognize scientific and quantitative methods and the differences between these approaches and other methods of inquiry and to communicate findings, analyses, and interpretations
3. To apply the concept of the scientific method to the solution of problems 4. Develop the capability to think and analyze at a critical level




Describe metabolic processes that occur within cells.
Compare eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell structure.
Accurately identify and/or describe the process of cell replication. Explain how diversity is genetically determined.
Accurately describe and identify the molecular components of DNA and replication OBJECTIVES

A. After the completion of General Biology I the student will effectively accomplish the following
1. Describe the basic characteristics of life.

2. List and describe the levels of organization from atom to organism. 3. Describe each of the biological themes Evolution; the flow of energy, cooperation, structure determines function and homeostasis.

4. Compare deductive and inductive reasoning.
5. Carry out the stages of scientific investigation.
6. Accurately identify the parts of and use the light microscope. 7. Effectively describe the techniques involved in preparing wet mount slides. 8. Effectively describe the techniques involved in proper viewing of prepared slides, micro slides and micro viewers.

9. Define matter and the states of matter.
10. Describe the basic structure of an atom.
11. Identify the differences between covalent, ionic and hydrogen bonds. 12. Discuss an isotope of an atom.
13. Discuss the polarity of water and the properties that make it unique for life. 14. Describe the ionization of water and the formation of acids and bases. 15. Describe how a buffer helps regulate balance in living organisms. 16. List the differences between organic and inorganic compounds and give examples for each.

17. Describe how macromolecules are built by dehydration synthesis and broken down by hydrolysis.
18. Explain the general structure of Carbohydrates, include functions and examples. 19. Explain the general structure of Lipids, include functions and examples. 20. Explain the general structure of Proteins, include functions and examples. 21. Explain the general structure of Nucleic Acids, include functions and examples. 22. Discuss the structure of DNA and the components.

23. List the differences between DNA and RNA.
24. Discuss where these carbon compounds tend to be located in cells or organelles and the activities in which they participate.
25. List 3 possibilities for the origin of life and the role that organic molecules play in each idea.
26. Discuss how the first cell may have arose. Include the Endosymbiotic Theory. 27. Contrast the general features of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, include examples. 28. Describe the characteristics of the 6 kingdoms of life, include examples 29. Discuss the 4 principles of the cell theory.

30. Discuss why cells generally fall into predictable range of sizes. 31. Discuss the essential structure and function of the cell membrane. 32. Compare the structure of prokaryotic cells with the complex structure of eukaryotic cells.

33. Describe ribosomes, their structure and function....
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